Unix / BSD / Linux


分かんなかったのでmemoさせて下さい。

$ fetch ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/ports/ports.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf ./ports.tar.gz -C /usr/

ISOイメージとかからしかインストールしたことが無かったのです。
なのでインストール時に一緒にPortsも入れちゃってたので今まで知らなかったにょ。orz

コレの解決方法も兼ねて、memoしておきます。

FreeBSD7.3 + Apache2.2 + PHP5.3.3 + MySQL5.1.x + Python2.7 + mod_wsgi-3.3 で解決。


 # history
 
   10  mkdir DL
   11  cd DL/
   12  ls
   13  fetch http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/wget/wget-latest.tar.gz
   14  tar xzfv wget-latest.tar.gz
   15  cd wget-1.12/
   16  ./configure
   17  make
   18  make install
   19  which wget

   20  cd ..
   21  wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz
   22  tar xzfv zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz
   23  cd zlib-1.2.5
   24  ls
   25  ./configure
   26  make
   27  make install

   28  cd ..
   29  wget http://www.ijg.org/files/jpegsrc.v8b.tar.gz
   30  tar xzfv jpegsrc.v8b.tar.gz
   31  cd jpeg-8b/
   32  ./configure
   33  make
   34  make install

   35  cd ..
   36  wget http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/libpng/libpng-1.4.3.tar.gz
   37  tar xzfv libpng-1.4.3.tar.gz
   38  cd libpng-1.4.3
   39  ls
   40  ./configure
   41  make
   42  make install

   43  cd ..
   44  wget http://ftp.twaren.net/Unix/NonGNU/freetype/freetype-2.4.2.tar.gz
   45  tar xzfv freetype-2.4.2.tar.gz
   46  cd freetype-2.4.2
   47  ls
   48  ./configure
   49  cd /usr/ports/devel/gmake
   50  make
   51  make install

   53  cd DL/freetype-2.4.2
   54  GNUMAKE=gmake ./configure
   55  make
   56  gmake
   57  gmake install

   58  cd ..
   59  wget http://www.libgd.org/releases/gd-2.0.35.tar.gz
   60  tar xzfv gd-2.0.35.tar.gz
   61  cd gd-2.0.35
   62  ./configure
   63  make
   64  make install
   65  wget ftp://xmlsoft.org/libxml2/libxml2-git-snapshot.tar.gz
   66  mv libxml2-git-snapshot.tar.gz ../.

   67  cd ../
   68  ls
   69  tar xzfv libxml2-git-snapshot.tar.gz
   70  cd libxml2-
   71  cd libxml2-git-snapshot.tar.gz
   72  tarxzfv  libxml2-git-snapshot.tar.gz
   73  tar xzfv  libxml2-git-snapshot.tar.gz
   74  cd libxml2-git-snapshot.tar.gz
   75  cd libxml2-2.7.7/
   76  ./configure
   77  mkdir m4
   78  ./configure
   79  make
   80  make install
   81  which perl

   82  cd ../
   83  ls
   84  rm -rf ./*
   85  cd /usr/
   86  ls
   87  rm ports.tar.gz
   88  rm -rf ports/
   89  bg
   90  wget wget ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/branches/-current/ports.tar.gz
   91  wget ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/ports/ports.tar.gz
   92  tar xzf ports.tar.gz
   93  cd ports/lang/perl5.12/
   95  make
   96  make test
   97  make install
   98  which perl

# えー、ここまでやっといて何ですが...、webalizerをportsからインストールすれば良かったんじゃね?orz
# 誰となく。


  100  pushd /usr/ports/databases/mysql51-server/
  101  make fetch
  102  make patch
  103  make
  104  make install
  105  make clean


  112  cd ../../lang/python27
  113  make fetch
  114  make patch
  115  make install clean
  116  make
  117  make install
  118  make clean


  123  pushd /usr/ports/devel/
  134  cd apr1/
  135  cat Makefile | more
  136  make fetch
  137  make
  138  make install clean

  139  cd ~/DL/
  141  wget http://chocbanana.com/php-5.3.3.tar.gz
  142  mkdir /usr/local/src
  143  mv php-5.3.3.tar.gz /usr/local/src/
  144  pushd /usr/local/src/
  145  tar xzf php-5.3.3.tar.gz
  146  wget http://chocbanana.com/httpd-2.2.17.tar.gz
  147  tar xzf httpd-2.2.17.tar.gz
  148  cd httpd-2.2.17
  155  ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2  --enable-suexec --with-suexec-caller=daemon --with-suexec-userdir=homepage --with-suexec-docroot=/home  --with-suexec-logfile=/usr/local/apache2/logs/suexec_log --with-suexec-uidmin=1000 --with-suexec-gidmin=1000 --with-suexec-safepath="/bin:/usr/bin"  --enable-module=log_agent --enable-module=log_referer --enable-module=so --enable-module=rewrite --enable-rewrite=shared --enable-ssl--with-apr=/usr/local/apr/bin/apr-1-config--with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util/bin/apu-1-config --enable-rule=SHARED_CORE  --enable-rule=EXPAT
  156  make
  162  make install


  169  pushd /usr/ports/security/libmcrypt/
  170  make fetch
  171  make
  172  make install
  194  cd work/
  196  cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
  198  cd libltdl/
  200  ./configure --enable-ltdl-install
  201  make
  202  make install
       cd ../../../
  203  make clean
  204  popd



  210  cd ../
  211  ls
  212  wget http://chocbanana.com/dl/mod_wsgi-3.3.tar.gz
  213  tar xzf mod_wsgi-3.3.tar.gz
  214  cd mod_wsgi-3.3
  215  ls
  216  ./configure --help
  217  ./configure --with-python=/usr/local/bin/python --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs
  218  make
  219  make install
  220  make clean


  277  wget http://www.djangoproject.com/download/1.2.3/tarball/
  278  tar xzf Django-1.2.3.tar.gz
  279  ls
  280  cd Django-1.2.3
  282  python setup.py install
  290  ls -lh /usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/


  381  pushd DL/php-5.3.3
  388  ./configure --enable-mbstring --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --without-pgsql --with-gd --with-zlib --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/lib --with-png-dir=/usr/local/lib --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local --with-mcrypt=/usr/local --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-mysql
  389  make
  390  make test
  391  make install
  394  make clean
  395  popd



[ /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf ]
------------------
#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2> for detailed information.
# In particular, see
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned. 
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo_log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache2" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/usr/local/apache2/logs/foo_log".

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
# at a local disk.  If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache2"

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule php5_module        modules/libphp5.so
LoadModule wsgi_module        modules/mod_wsgi.so

<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
<IfModule !mpm_winnt_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch. 
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User daemon
Group daemon

</IfModule>
</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin you@example.com

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs"

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories).
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of
# features. 
#
<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order deny,allow
   # Deny from all
    Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#
<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride None

    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
    Satisfy All
</FilesMatch>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog "logs/error_log"

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>

    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
    CustomLog "logs/access_log" common

    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    #CustomLog "logs/access_log" combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
    #
    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
    #
    #Scriptsock logs/cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mime_module>
    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig conf/mime.types

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddType text/html .shtml
    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

    # Add Type PHP
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>

# Omajinai kesicha dame !!!
AcceptFilter http none
AcceptFilter https none

# My conf Inclde
Include conf/extra/httpd-my.conf

[ EOF ]
------------------



[ php.ini ]
------------------
[PHP]

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; About php.ini   ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; This file controls many aspects of PHP's behavior.  In order for PHP to
; read it, it must be named 'php.ini'.  PHP looks for it in the current
; working directory, in the path designated by the environment variable
; PHPRC, and in the path that was defined in compile time (in that order).
; Under Windows, the compile-time path is the Windows directory.  The
; path in which the php.ini file is looked for can be overridden using
; the -c argument in command line mode.
;
; The syntax of the file is extremely simple.  Whitespace and Lines
; beginning with a semicolon are silently ignored (as you probably guessed).
; Section headers (e.g. [Foo]) are also silently ignored, even though
; they might mean something in the future.
;
; Directives are specified using the following syntax:
; directive = value
; Directive names are *case sensitive* - foo=bar is different from FOO=bar.
;
; The value can be a string, a number, a PHP constant (e.g. E_ALL or M_PI), one
; of the INI constants (On, Off, True, False, Yes, No and None) or an expression
; (e.g. E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE), or a quoted string ("foo").
;
; Expressions in the INI file are limited to bitwise operators and parentheses:
; |        bitwise OR
; &        bitwise AND
; ~        bitwise NOT
; !        boolean NOT
;
; Boolean flags can be turned on using the values 1, On, True or Yes.
; They can be turned off using the values 0, Off, False or No.
;
; An empty string can be denoted by simply not writing anything after the equal
; sign, or by using the None keyword:
;
;  foo =         ; sets foo to an empty string
;  foo = none    ; sets foo to an empty string
;  foo = "none"  ; sets foo to the string 'none'
;
; If you use constants in your value, and these constants belong to a
; dynamically loaded extension (either a PHP extension or a Zend extension),
; you may only use these constants *after* the line that loads the extension.
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; About this file ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; This is the recommended, PHP 5-style version of the php.ini-dist file.  It
; sets some non standard settings, that make PHP more efficient, more secure,
; and encourage cleaner coding.
;
; The price is that with these settings, PHP may be incompatible with some
; applications, and sometimes, more difficult to develop with.  Using this
; file is warmly recommended for production sites.  As all of the changes from
; the standard settings are thoroughly documented, you can go over each one,
; and decide whether you want to use it or not.
;
; For general information about the php.ini file, please consult the php.ini-dist
; file, included in your PHP distribution.
;
; This file is different from the php.ini-dist file in the fact that it features
; different values for several directives, in order to improve performance, while
; possibly breaking compatibility with the standard out-of-the-box behavior of
; PHP.  Please make sure you read what's different, and modify your scripts
; accordingly, if you decide to use this file instead.
;
; - register_long_arrays = Off     [Performance]
;     Disables registration of the older (and deprecated) long predefined array
;     variables ($HTTP_*_VARS).  Instead, use the superglobals that were
;     introduced in PHP 4.1.0
; - display_errors = Off           [Security]
;     With this directive set to off, errors that occur during the execution of
;     scripts will no longer be displayed as a part of the script output, and thus,
;     will no longer be exposed to remote users.  With some errors, the error message
;     content may expose information about your script, web server, or database
;     server that may be exploitable for hacking.  Production sites should have this
;     directive set to off.
; - log_errors = On                [Security]
;     This directive complements the above one.  Any errors that occur during the
;     execution of your script will be logged (typically, to your server's error log,
;     but can be configured in several ways).  Along with setting display_errors to off,
;     this setup gives you the ability to fully understand what may have gone wrong,
;     without exposing any sensitive information to remote users.
; - output_buffering = 4096        [Performance]
;     Set a 4KB output buffer.  Enabling output buffering typically results in less
;     writes, and sometimes less packets sent on the wire, which can often lead to
;     better performance.  The gain this directive actually yields greatly depends
;     on which Web server you're working with, and what kind of scripts you're using.
; - register_argc_argv = Off       [Performance]
;     Disables registration of the somewhat redundant $argv and $argc global
;     variables.
; - magic_quotes_gpc = Off         [Performance]
;     Input data is no longer escaped with slashes so that it can be sent into
;     SQL databases without further manipulation.  Instead, you should use the
;     function addslashes() on each input element you wish to send to a database.
; - variables_order = "GPCS"       [Performance]
;     The environment variables are not hashed into the $_ENV.  To access
;     environment variables, you can use getenv() instead.
; - error_reporting = E_ALL        [Code Cleanliness, Security(?)]
;     By default, PHP suppresses errors of type E_NOTICE.  These error messages
;     are emitted for non-critical errors, but that could be a symptom of a bigger
;     problem.  Most notably, this will cause error messages about the use
;     of uninitialized variables to be displayed.
; - allow_call_time_pass_reference = Off     [Code cleanliness]
;     It's not possible to decide to force a variable to be passed by reference
;     when calling a function.  The PHP 4 style to do this is by making the
;     function require the relevant argument by reference.
; - short_open_tag = Off           [Portability]
;     Using short tags is discouraged when developing code meant for redistribution
;     since short tags may not be supported on the target server.

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Language Options ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Enable the PHP scripting language engine under Apache.
engine = On

; Enable compatibility mode with Zend Engine 1 (PHP 4.x)
zend.ze1_compatibility_mode = Off

; Allow the <? tag.  Otherwise, only <?php and <script> tags are recognized.
; NOTE: Using short tags should be avoided when developing applications or
; libraries that are meant for redistribution, or deployment on PHP
; servers which are not under your control, because short tags may not
; be supported on the target server. For portable, redistributable code,
; be sure not to use short tags.
short_open_tag = Off

; Allow ASP-style <% %> tags.
asp_tags = Off

; The number of significant digits displayed in floating point numbers.
precision    =  14

; Enforce year 2000 compliance (will cause problems with non-compliant browsers)
y2k_compliance = On

; Output buffering allows you to send header lines (including cookies) even
; after you send body content, at the price of slowing PHP's output layer a
; bit.  You can enable output buffering during runtime by calling the output
; buffering functions.  You can also enable output buffering for all files by
; setting this directive to On.  If you wish to limit the size of the buffer
; to a certain size - you can use a maximum number of bytes instead of 'On', as
; a value for this directive (e.g., output_buffering=4096).
output_buffering = 4096

; You can redirect all of the output of your scripts to a function.  For
; example, if you set output_handler to "mb_output_handler", character
; encoding will be transparently converted to the specified encoding.
; Setting any output handler automatically turns on output buffering.
; Note: People who wrote portable scripts should not depend on this ini
;       directive. Instead, explicitly set the output handler using ob_start().
;       Using this ini directive may cause problems unless you know what script
;       is doing.
; Note: You cannot use both "mb_output_handler" with "ob_iconv_handler"
;       and you cannot use both "ob_gzhandler" and "zlib.output_compression".
; Note: output_handler must be empty if this is set 'On' !!!!
;       Instead you must use zlib.output_handler.
;output_handler =

; Transparent output compression using the zlib library
; Valid values for this option are 'off', 'on', or a specific buffer size
; to be used for compression (default is 4KB)
; Note: Resulting chunk size may vary due to nature of compression. PHP
;       outputs chunks that are few hundreds bytes each as a result of
;       compression. If you prefer a larger chunk size for better
;       performance, enable output_buffering in addition.
; Note: You need to use zlib.output_handler instead of the standard
;       output_handler, or otherwise the output will be corrupted.
zlib.output_compression = Off
;zlib.output_compression_level = -1

; You cannot specify additional output handlers if zlib.output_compression
; is activated here. This setting does the same as output_handler but in
; a different order.
;zlib.output_handler =

; Implicit flush tells PHP to tell the output layer to flush itself
; automatically after every output block.  This is equivalent to calling the
; PHP function flush() after each and every call to print() or echo() and each
; and every HTML block.  Turning this option on has serious performance
; implications and is generally recommended for debugging purposes only.
implicit_flush = Off

; The unserialize callback function will be called (with the undefined class'
; name as parameter), if the unserializer finds an undefined class
; which should be instantiated.
; A warning appears if the specified function is not defined, or if the
; function doesn't include/implement the missing class.
; So only set this entry, if you really want to implement such a
; callback-function.
unserialize_callback_func=

; When floats & doubles are serialized store serialize_precision significant
; digits after the floating point. The default value ensures that when floats
; are decoded with unserialize, the data will remain the same.
serialize_precision = 100

; Whether to enable the ability to force arguments to be passed by reference
; at function call time.  This method is deprecated and is likely to be
; unsupported in future versions of PHP/Zend.  The encouraged method of
; specifying which arguments should be passed by reference is in the function
; declaration.  You're encouraged to try and turn this option Off and make
; sure your scripts work properly with it in order to ensure they will work
; with future versions of the language (you will receive a warning each time
; you use this feature, and the argument will be passed by value instead of by
; reference).
allow_call_time_pass_reference = Off

;
; Safe Mode
;
; SECURITY NOTE: The FreeBSD Security Officer strongly recommend that
; the PHP Safe Mode feature not be relied upon for security, since the
; issues Safe Mode tries to handle cannot properly be handled in PHP
; (primarily due to PHP's use of external libraries).  While many bugs
; in Safe Mode has been fixed it's very likely that more issues exist
; which allows a user to bypass Safe Mode restrictions.
; For increased security we recommend to always install the Suhosin
; extension.
;
safe_mode = Off

; By default, Safe Mode does a UID compare check when
; opening files. If you want to relax this to a GID compare,
; then turn on safe_mode_gid.
safe_mode_gid = Off

; When safe_mode is on, UID/GID checks are bypassed when
; including files from this directory and its subdirectories.
; (directory must also be in include_path or full path must
; be used when including)
safe_mode_include_dir =

; When safe_mode is on, only executables located in the safe_mode_exec_dir
; will be allowed to be executed via the exec family of functions.
safe_mode_exec_dir =

; Setting certain environment variables may be a potential security breach.
; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of prefixes.  In Safe Mode,
; the user may only alter environment variables whose names begin with the
; prefixes supplied here.  By default, users will only be able to set
; environment variables that begin with PHP_ (e.g. PHP_FOO=BAR).
;
; Note:  If this directive is empty, PHP will let the user modify ANY
; environment variable!
safe_mode_allowed_env_vars = PHP_

; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of environment variables that
; the end user won't be able to change using putenv().  These variables will be
; protected even if safe_mode_allowed_env_vars is set to allow to change them.
safe_mode_protected_env_vars = LD_LIBRARY_PATH

; open_basedir, if set, limits all file operations to the defined directory
; and below.  This directive makes most sense if used in a per-directory
; or per-virtualhost web server configuration file. This directive is
; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
;open_basedir =

; This directive allows you to disable certain functions for security reasons.
; It receives a comma-delimited list of function names. This directive is
; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
disable_functions =

; This directive allows you to disable certain classes for security reasons.
; It receives a comma-delimited list of class names. This directive is
; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
disable_classes =

; Colors for Syntax Highlighting mode.  Anything that's acceptable in
; <span style="color: ???????"> would work.
;highlight.string  = #DD0000
;highlight.comment = #FF9900
;highlight.keyword = #007700
;highlight.bg      = #FFFFFF
;highlight.default = #0000BB
;highlight.html    = #000000

; If enabled, the request will be allowed to complete even if the user aborts
; the request. Consider enabling it if executing long request, which may end up
; being interrupted by the user or a browser timing out.
; ignore_user_abort = On

; Determines the size of the realpath cache to be used by PHP. This value should
; be increased on systems where PHP opens many files to reflect the quantity of
; the file operations performed.
; realpath_cache_size=16k

; Duration of time, in seconds for which to cache realpath information for a given
; file or directory. For systems with rarely changing files, consider increasing this
; value.
; realpath_cache_ttl=120

;
; Misc
;
; Decides whether PHP may expose the fact that it is installed on the server
; (e.g. by adding its signature to the Web server header).  It is no security
; threat in any way, but it makes it possible to determine whether you use PHP
; on your server or not.
expose_php = On


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Resource Limits ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

max_execution_time = 30     ; Maximum execution time of each script, in seconds
max_input_time = 60    ; Maximum amount of time each script may spend parsing request data
;max_input_nesting_level = 64 ; Maximum input variable nesting level
memory_limit = 128M      ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (128MB)


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Error handling and logging ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; error_reporting is a bit-field.  Or each number up to get desired error
; reporting level
; E_ALL             - All errors and warnings (doesn't include E_STRICT)
; E_ERROR           - fatal run-time errors
; E_RECOVERABLE_ERROR  - almost fatal run-time errors
; E_WARNING         - run-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
; E_PARSE           - compile-time parse errors
; E_NOTICE          - run-time notices (these are warnings which often result
;                     from a bug in your code, but it's possible that it was
;                     intentional (e.g., using an uninitialized variable and
;                     relying on the fact it's automatically initialized to an
;                     empty string)
; E_STRICT          - run-time notices, enable to have PHP suggest changes
;                     to your code which will ensure the best interoperability
;                     and forward compatibility of your code
; E_CORE_ERROR      - fatal errors that occur during PHP's initial startup
; E_CORE_WARNING    - warnings (non-fatal errors) that occur during PHP's
;                     initial startup
; E_COMPILE_ERROR   - fatal compile-time errors
; E_COMPILE_WARNING - compile-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
; E_USER_ERROR      - user-generated error message
; E_USER_WARNING    - user-generated warning message
; E_USER_NOTICE     - user-generated notice message
;
; Examples:
;
;   - Show all errors, except for notices and coding standards warnings
;
;error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE
;
;   - Show all errors, except for notices
;
;error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE | E_STRICT
;
;   - Show only errors
;
;error_reporting = E_COMPILE_ERROR|E_RECOVERABLE_ERROR|E_ERROR|E_CORE_ERROR
;
;   - Show all errors, except coding standards warnings
;
error_reporting  =  E_ALL

; Print out errors (as a part of the output).  For production web sites,
; you're strongly encouraged to turn this feature off, and use error logging
; instead (see below).  Keeping display_errors enabled on a production web site
; may reveal security information to end users, such as file paths on your Web
; server, your database schema or other information.
;
; possible values for display_errors:
;
; Off          - Do not display any errors
; stderr       - Display errors to STDERR (affects only CGI/CLI binaries!)  
; On or stdout - Display errors to STDOUT (default)

; To output errors to STDERR with CGI/CLI:             
;display_errors = "stderr"
;
; Default
;
display_errors = Off

; Even when display_errors is on, errors that occur during PHP's startup
; sequence are not displayed.  It's strongly recommended to keep
; display_startup_errors off, except for when debugging.
display_startup_errors = Off

; Log errors into a log file (server-specific log, stderr, or error_log (below))
; As stated above, you're strongly advised to use error logging in place of
; error displaying on production web sites.
log_errors = On

; Set maximum length of log_errors. In error_log information about the source is
; added. The default is 1024 and 0 allows to not apply any maximum length at all.
log_errors_max_len = 1024

; Do not log repeated messages. Repeated errors must occur in same file on same
; line until ignore_repeated_source is set true.
ignore_repeated_errors = Off

; Ignore source of message when ignoring repeated messages. When this setting
; is On you will not log errors with repeated messages from different files or
; source lines.
ignore_repeated_source = Off

; If this parameter is set to Off, then memory leaks will not be shown (on
; stdout or in the log). This has only effect in a debug compile, and if
; error reporting includes E_WARNING in the allowed list
report_memleaks = On

;report_zend_debug = 0

; Store the last error/warning message in $php_errormsg (boolean).
track_errors = Off

; Disable the inclusion of HTML tags in error messages.
; Note: Never use this feature for production boxes.
;html_errors = Off

; If html_errors is set On PHP produces clickable error messages that direct
; to a page describing the error or function causing the error in detail.
; You can download a copy of the PHP manual from http://www.php.net/docs.php
; and change docref_root to the base URL of your local copy including the
; leading '/'. You must also specify the file extension being used including
; the dot.
; Note: Never use this feature for production boxes.
;docref_root = "/phpmanual/"
;docref_ext = .html

; String to output before an error message.
;error_prepend_string = "<font color=ff0000>"

; String to output after an error message.
;error_append_string = "</font>"

; Log errors to specified file.
;error_log = filename

; Log errors to syslog (Event Log on NT, not valid in Windows 95).
;error_log = syslog


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Data Handling ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; Note - track_vars is ALWAYS enabled as of PHP 4.0.3

; The separator used in PHP generated URLs to separate arguments.
; Default is "&".
;arg_separator.output = "&amp;"

; List of separator(s) used by PHP to parse input URLs into variables.
; Default is "&".
; NOTE: Every character in this directive is considered as separator!
;arg_separator.input = ";&"

; This directive describes the order in which PHP registers GET, POST, Cookie,
; Environment and Built-in variables (G, P, C, E & S respectively, often
; referred to as EGPCS or GPC).  Registration is done from left to right, newer
; values override older values.
variables_order = "GPCS"

; Whether or not to register the EGPCS variables as global variables.  You may
; want to turn this off if you don't want to clutter your scripts' global scope
; with user data.  This makes most sense when coupled with track_vars - in which
; case you can access all of the GPC variables through the $HTTP_*_VARS[],
; variables.
;
; You should do your best to write your scripts so that they do not require
; register_globals to be on;  Using form variables as globals can easily lead
; to possible security problems, if the code is not very well thought of.
register_globals = Off

; Whether or not to register the old-style input arrays, HTTP_GET_VARS
; and friends.  If you're not using them, it's recommended to turn them off,
; for performance reasons.
register_long_arrays = Off

; This directive tells PHP whether to declare the argv&argc variables (that
; would contain the GET information).  If you don't use these variables, you
; should turn it off for increased performance.
register_argc_argv = Off

; When enabled, the SERVER and ENV variables are created when they're first
; used (Just In Time) instead of when the script starts. If these variables
; are not used within a script, having this directive on will result in a
; performance gain. The PHP directives register_globals, register_long_arrays,
; and register_argc_argv must be disabled for this directive to have any affect.
auto_globals_jit = On

; Maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.
post_max_size = 8M

; Magic quotes
;

; Magic quotes for incoming GET/POST/Cookie data.
magic_quotes_gpc = Off

; Magic quotes for runtime-generated data, e.g. data from SQL, from exec(), etc.
magic_quotes_runtime = Off

; Use Sybase-style magic quotes (escape ' with '' instead of \').
magic_quotes_sybase = Off

; Automatically add files before or after any PHP document.
auto_prepend_file =
auto_append_file =

; As of 4.0b4, PHP always outputs a character encoding by default in
; the Content-type: header.  To disable sending of the charset, simply
; set it to be empty.
;
; PHP's built-in default is text/html
default_mimetype = "text/html"
;default_charset = "iso-8859-1"

; Always populate the $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA variable.
;always_populate_raw_post_data = On


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Paths and Directories ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; UNIX: "/path1:/path2"
;include_path = ".:/php/includes"
;
; Windows: "\path1;\path2"
;include_path = ".;c:\php\includes"

; The root of the PHP pages, used only if nonempty.
; if PHP was not compiled with FORCE_REDIRECT, you SHOULD set doc_root
; if you are running php as a CGI under any web server (other than IIS)
; see documentation for security issues.  The alternate is to use the
; cgi.force_redirect configuration below
doc_root =

; The directory under which PHP opens the script using /~username used only
; if nonempty.
user_dir =

; Directory in which the loadable extensions (modules) reside.
; extension_dir = "./"

; Whether or not to enable the dl() function.  The dl() function does NOT work
; properly in multithreaded servers, such as IIS or Zeus, and is automatically
; disabled on them.
enable_dl = On

; cgi.force_redirect is necessary to provide security running PHP as a CGI under
; most web servers.  Left undefined, PHP turns this on by default.  You can
; turn it off here AT YOUR OWN RISK
; **You CAN safely turn this off for IIS, in fact, you MUST.**
; cgi.force_redirect = 1

; if cgi.nph is enabled it will force cgi to always sent Status: 200 with
; every request.
; cgi.nph = 1

; if cgi.force_redirect is turned on, and you are not running under Apache or Netscape
; (iPlanet) web servers, you MAY need to set an environment variable name that PHP
; will look for to know it is OK to continue execution.  Setting this variable MAY
; cause security issues, KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING FIRST.
; cgi.redirect_status_env = ;

; cgi.fix_pathinfo provides *real* PATH_INFO/PATH_TRANSLATED support for CGI.  PHP's
; previous behaviour was to set PATH_TRANSLATED to SCRIPT_FILENAME, and to not grok
; what PATH_INFO is.  For more information on PATH_INFO, see the cgi specs.  Setting
; this to 1 will cause PHP CGI to fix it's paths to conform to the spec.  A setting
; of zero causes PHP to behave as before.  Default is 1.  You should fix your scripts
; to use SCRIPT_FILENAME rather than PATH_TRANSLATED.
; cgi.fix_pathinfo=1

; FastCGI under IIS (on WINNT based OS) supports the ability to impersonate
; security tokens of the calling client.  This allows IIS to define the
; security context that the request runs under.  mod_fastcgi under Apache
; does not currently support this feature (03/17/2002)
; Set to 1 if running under IIS.  Default is zero.
; fastcgi.impersonate = 1;

; Disable logging through FastCGI connection
; fastcgi.logging = 0

; cgi.rfc2616_headers configuration option tells PHP what type of headers to
; use when sending HTTP response code. If it's set 0 PHP sends Status: header that
; is supported by Apache. When this option is set to 1 PHP will send
; RFC2616 compliant header.
; Default is zero.
;cgi.rfc2616_headers = 0


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; File Uploads ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Whether to allow HTTP file uploads.
file_uploads = On

; Temporary directory for HTTP uploaded files (will use system default if not
; specified).
;upload_tmp_dir =

; Maximum allowed size for uploaded files.
upload_max_filesize = 2M


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Fopen wrappers ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Whether to allow the treatment of URLs (like http:// or ftp://) as files.
allow_url_fopen = On

; Whether to allow include/require to open URLs (like http:// or ftp://) as files.
allow_url_include = Off

; Define the anonymous ftp password (your email address)
;from="john@doe.com"

; Define the User-Agent string
; user_agent="PHP"

; Default timeout for socket based streams (seconds)
default_socket_timeout = 60

; If your scripts have to deal with files from Macintosh systems,
; or you are running on a Mac and need to deal with files from
; unix or win32 systems, setting this flag will cause PHP to
; automatically detect the EOL character in those files so that
; fgets() and file() will work regardless of the source of the file.
; auto_detect_line_endings = Off


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Dynamic Extensions ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; If you wish to have an extension loaded automatically, use the following
; syntax:
;
;   extension=modulename.extension
;
; For example, on Windows:
;
;   extension=msql.dll
;
; ... or under UNIX:
;
;   extension=msql.so
;
; Note that it should be the name of the module only; no directory information
; needs to go here.  Specify the location of the extension with the
; extension_dir directive above.


; Windows Extensions
; Note that ODBC support is built in, so no dll is needed for it.
; Note that many DLL files are located in the extensions/ (PHP 4) ext/ (PHP 5)
; extension folders as well as the separate PECL DLL download (PHP 5).
; Be sure to appropriately set the extension_dir directive.

;extension=php_bz2.dll
;extension=php_curl.dll
;extension=php_dba.dll
;extension=php_dbase.dll
;extension=php_exif.dll
;extension=php_fdf.dll
;extension=php_gd2.dll
;extension=php_gettext.dll
;extension=php_gmp.dll
;extension=php_ifx.dll
;extension=php_imap.dll
;extension=php_interbase.dll
;extension=php_ldap.dll
;extension=php_mbstring.dll
;extension=php_mcrypt.dll
;extension=php_mhash.dll
;extension=php_mime_magic.dll
;extension=php_ming.dll
;extension=php_msql.dll
;extension=php_mssql.dll
;extension=php_mysql.dll
;extension=php_mysqli.dll
;extension=php_oci8.dll
;extension=php_openssl.dll
;extension=php_pdo.dll
;extension=php_pdo_firebird.dll
;extension=php_pdo_mssql.dll
;extension=php_pdo_mysql.dll
;extension=php_pdo_oci.dll
;extension=php_pdo_oci8.dll
;extension=php_pdo_odbc.dll
;extension=php_pdo_pgsql.dll
;extension=php_pdo_sqlite.dll
;extension=php_pgsql.dll
;extension=php_pspell.dll
;extension=php_shmop.dll
;extension=php_snmp.dll
;extension=php_soap.dll
;extension=php_sockets.dll
;extension=php_sqlite.dll
;extension=php_sybase_ct.dll
;extension=php_tidy.dll
;extension=php_xmlrpc.dll
;extension=php_xsl.dll
;extension=php_zip.dll

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Module Settings ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

[Date]
; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
;date.timezone =
date.timezone = "Asia/Tokyo"

;date.default_latitude = 31.7667
;date.default_longitude = 35.2333

;date.sunrise_zenith = 90.583333
;date.sunset_zenith = 90.583333

[filter]
;filter.default = unsafe_raw
;filter.default_flags =

[iconv]
;iconv.input_encoding = ISO-8859-1
;iconv.internal_encoding = ISO-8859-1
;iconv.output_encoding = ISO-8859-1

[sqlite]
;sqlite.assoc_case = 0

[xmlrpc]
;xmlrpc_error_number = 0
;xmlrpc_errors = 0

[Pcre]
;PCRE library backtracking limit.
;pcre.backtrack_limit=100000

;PCRE library recursion limit.
;Please note that if you set this value to a high number you may consume all
;the available process stack and eventually crash PHP (due to reaching the
;stack size limit imposed by the Operating System).
;pcre.recursion_limit=100000

[Syslog]
; Whether or not to define the various syslog variables (e.g. $LOG_PID,
; $LOG_CRON, etc.).  Turning it off is a good idea performance-wise.  In
; runtime, you can define these variables by calling define_syslog_variables().
define_syslog_variables  = Off

[mail function]
; For Win32 only.
SMTP = localhost
smtp_port = 25

; For Win32 only.
;sendmail_from = me@example.com

; For Unix only.  You may supply arguments as well (default: "sendmail -t -i").
;sendmail_path =

; Force the addition of the specified parameters to be passed as extra parameters
; to the sendmail binary. These parameters will always replace the value of
; the 5th parameter to mail(), even in safe mode.
;mail.force_extra_parameters =

[SQL]
sql.safe_mode = Off

[ODBC]
;odbc.default_db    =  Not yet implemented
;odbc.default_user  =  Not yet implemented
;odbc.default_pw    =  Not yet implemented

; Allow or prevent persistent links.
odbc.allow_persistent = On

; Check that a connection is still valid before reuse.
odbc.check_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
odbc.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
odbc.max_links = -1

; Handling of LONG fields.  Returns number of bytes to variables.  0 means
; passthru.
odbc.defaultlrl = 4096

; Handling of binary data.  0 means passthru, 1 return as is, 2 convert to char.
; See the documentation on odbc_binmode and odbc_longreadlen for an explanation
; of uodbc.defaultlrl and uodbc.defaultbinmode
odbc.defaultbinmode = 1

[MySQL]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
mysql.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
mysql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
mysql.max_links = -1

; Default port number for mysql_connect().  If unset, mysql_connect() will use
; the $MYSQL_TCP_PORT or the mysql-tcp entry in /etc/services or the
; compile-time value defined MYSQL_PORT (in that order).  Win32 will only look
; at MYSQL_PORT.
mysql.default_port =

; Default socket name for local MySQL connects.  If empty, uses the built-in
; MySQL defaults.
mysql.default_socket =

; Default host for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
mysql.default_host =

; Default user for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
mysql.default_user =

; Default password for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
; Note that this is generally a *bad* idea to store passwords in this file.
; *Any* user with PHP access can run 'echo get_cfg_var("mysql.default_password")
; and reveal this password!  And of course, any users with read access to this
; file will be able to reveal the password as well.
mysql.default_password =

; Maximum time (in seconds) for connect timeout. -1 means no limit
mysql.connect_timeout = 60

; Trace mode. When trace_mode is active (=On), warnings for table/index scans and
; SQL-Errors will be displayed.
mysql.trace_mode = Off

[MySQLi]

; Maximum number of links.  -1 means no limit.
mysqli.max_links = -1

; Default port number for mysqli_connect().  If unset, mysqli_connect() will use
; the $MYSQL_TCP_PORT or the mysql-tcp entry in /etc/services or the
; compile-time value defined MYSQL_PORT (in that order).  Win32 will only look
; at MYSQL_PORT.
mysqli.default_port = 3306

; Default socket name for local MySQL connects.  If empty, uses the built-in
; MySQL defaults.
mysqli.default_socket =

; Default host for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
mysqli.default_host =

; Default user for mysql_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
mysqli.default_user =

; Default password for mysqli_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
; Note that this is generally a *bad* idea to store passwords in this file.
; *Any* user with PHP access can run 'echo get_cfg_var("mysqli.default_pw")
; and reveal this password!  And of course, any users with read access to this
; file will be able to reveal the password as well.
mysqli.default_pw =

; Allow or prevent reconnect
mysqli.reconnect = Off

[mSQL]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
msql.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
msql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
msql.max_links = -1

[OCI8]
; enables privileged connections using external credentials (OCI_SYSOPER, OCI_SYSDBA)
;oci8.privileged_connect = Off

; Connection: The maximum number of persistent OCI8 connections per
; process. Using -1 means no limit.
;oci8.max_persistent = -1

; Connection: The maximum number of seconds a process is allowed to
; maintain an idle persistent connection. Using -1 means idle
; persistent connections will be maintained forever.
;oci8.persistent_timeout = -1

; Connection: The number of seconds that must pass before issuing a
; ping during oci_pconnect() to check the connection validity. When
; set to 0, each oci_pconnect() will cause a ping. Using -1 disables
; pings completely.
;oci8.ping_interval = 60

; Tuning: This option enables statement caching, and specifies how
; many statements to cache. Using 0 disables statement caching.
;oci8.statement_cache_size = 20

; Tuning: Enables statement prefetching and sets the default number of
; rows that will be fetched automatically after statement execution.
;oci8.default_prefetch = 10

; Compatibility. Using On means oci_close() will not close
; oci_connect() and oci_new_connect() connections.
;oci8.old_oci_close_semantics = Off

[PostgresSQL]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
pgsql.allow_persistent = On

; Detect broken persistent links always with pg_pconnect().
; Auto reset feature requires a little overheads.
pgsql.auto_reset_persistent = Off

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
pgsql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
pgsql.max_links = -1

; Ignore PostgreSQL backends Notice message or not.
; Notice message logging require a little overheads.
pgsql.ignore_notice = 0

; Log PostgreSQL backends Noitce message or not.
; Unless pgsql.ignore_notice=0, module cannot log notice message.
pgsql.log_notice = 0

[Sybase]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
sybase.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
sybase.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
sybase.max_links = -1

;sybase.interface_file = "/usr/sybase/interfaces"

; Minimum error severity to display.
sybase.min_error_severity = 10

; Minimum message severity to display.
sybase.min_message_severity = 10

; Compatibility mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
; If on, this will cause PHP to automatically assign types to results according
; to their Sybase type, instead of treating them all as strings.  This
; compatibility mode will probably not stay around forever, so try applying
; whatever necessary changes to your code, and turn it off.
sybase.compatability_mode = Off

[Sybase-CT]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
sybct.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
sybct.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
sybct.max_links = -1

; Minimum server message severity to display.
sybct.min_server_severity = 10

; Minimum client message severity to display.
sybct.min_client_severity = 10

[bcmath]
; Number of decimal digits for all bcmath functions.
bcmath.scale = 0

[browscap]
;browscap = extra/browscap.ini

[Informix]
; Default host for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
ifx.default_host =

; Default user for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
ifx.default_user =

; Default password for ifx_connect() (doesn't apply in safe mode).
ifx.default_password =

; Allow or prevent persistent links.
ifx.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
ifx.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent).  -1 means no limit.
ifx.max_links = -1

; If on, select statements return the contents of a text blob instead of its id.
ifx.textasvarchar = 0

; If on, select statements return the contents of a byte blob instead of its id.
ifx.byteasvarchar = 0

; Trailing blanks are stripped from fixed-length char columns.  May help the
; life of Informix SE users.
ifx.charasvarchar = 0

; If on, the contents of text and byte blobs are dumped to a file instead of
; keeping them in memory.
ifx.blobinfile = 0

; NULL's are returned as empty strings, unless this is set to 1.  In that case,
; NULL's are returned as string 'NULL'.
ifx.nullformat = 0

[Session]
; Handler used to store/retrieve data.
session.save_handler = files

; Argument passed to save_handler.  In the case of files, this is the path
; where data files are stored. Note: Windows users have to change this
; variable in order to use PHP's session functions.
;
; As of PHP 4.0.1, you can define the path as:
;
;     session.save_path = "N;/path"
;
; where N is an integer.  Instead of storing all the session files in
; /path, what this will do is use subdirectories N-levels deep, and
; store the session data in those directories.  This is useful if you
; or your OS have problems with lots of files in one directory, and is
; a more efficient layout for servers that handle lots of sessions.
;
; NOTE 1: PHP will not create this directory structure automatically.
;         You can use the script in the ext/session dir for that purpose.
; NOTE 2: See the section on garbage collection below if you choose to
;         use subdirectories for session storage
;
; The file storage module creates files using mode 600 by default.
; You can change that by using
;
;     session.save_path = "N;MODE;/path"
;
; where MODE is the octal representation of the mode. Note that this
; does not overwrite the process's umask.
;session.save_path = "/tmp"

; Whether to use cookies.
session.use_cookies = 1

;session.cookie_secure =

; This option enables administrators to make their users invulnerable to
; attacks which involve passing session ids in URLs; defaults to 0.
; session.use_only_cookies = 1

; Name of the session (used as cookie name).
session.name = PHPSESSID

; Initialize session on request startup.
session.auto_start = 0

; Lifetime in seconds of cookie or, if 0, until browser is restarted.
session.cookie_lifetime = 0

; The path for which the cookie is valid.
session.cookie_path = /

; The domain for which the cookie is valid.
session.cookie_domain =

; Whether or not to add the httpOnly flag to the cookie, which makes it inaccessible to browser scripting languages such as JavaScript.
session.cookie_httponly =

; Handler used to serialize data.  php is the standard serializer of PHP.
session.serialize_handler = php

; Define the probability that the 'garbage collection' process is started
; on every session initialization.
; The probability is calculated by using gc_probability/gc_divisor,
; e.g. 1/100 means there is a 1% chance that the GC process starts
; on each request.

session.gc_probability = 1
session.gc_divisor     = 1000

; After this number of seconds, stored data will be seen as 'garbage' and
; cleaned up by the garbage collection process.
session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440

; NOTE: If you are using the subdirectory option for storing session files
;       (see session.save_path above), then garbage collection does *not*
;       happen automatically.  You will need to do your own garbage
;       collection through a shell script, cron entry, or some other method.
;       For example, the following script would is the equivalent of
;       setting session.gc_maxlifetime to 1440 (1440 seconds = 24 minutes):
;          cd /path/to/sessions; find -cmin +24 | xargs rm

; PHP 4.2 and less have an undocumented feature/bug that allows you to
; to initialize a session variable in the global scope, albeit register_globals
; is disabled.  PHP 4.3 and later will warn you, if this feature is used.
; You can disable the feature and the warning separately. At this time,
; the warning is only displayed, if bug_compat_42 is enabled.

session.bug_compat_42 = 0
session.bug_compat_warn = 1

; Check HTTP Referer to invalidate externally stored URLs containing ids.
; HTTP_REFERER has to contain this substring for the session to be
; considered as valid.
session.referer_check =

; How many bytes to read from the file.
session.entropy_length = 0

; Specified here to create the session id.
session.entropy_file =

;session.entropy_length = 16

;session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom

; Set to {nocache,private,public,} to determine HTTP caching aspects
; or leave this empty to avoid sending anti-caching headers.
session.cache_limiter = nocache

; Document expires after n minutes.
session.cache_expire = 180

; trans sid support is disabled by default.
; Use of trans sid may risk your users security.
; Use this option with caution.
; - User may send URL contains active session ID
;   to other person via. email/irc/etc.
; - URL that contains active session ID may be stored
;   in publically accessible computer.
; - User may access your site with the same session ID
;   always using URL stored in browser's history or bookmarks.
session.use_trans_sid = 0

; Select a hash function
; 0: MD5   (128 bits)
; 1: SHA-1 (160 bits)
session.hash_function = 0

; Define how many bits are stored in each character when converting
; the binary hash data to something readable.
;
; 4 bits: 0-9, a-f
; 5 bits: 0-9, a-v
; 6 bits: 0-9, a-z, A-Z, "-", ","
session.hash_bits_per_character = 5

; The URL rewriter will look for URLs in a defined set of HTML tags.
; form/fieldset are special; if you include them here, the rewriter will
; add a hidden <input> field with the info which is otherwise appended
; to URLs.  If you want XHTML conformity, remove the form entry.
; Note that all valid entries require a "=", even if no value follows.
url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"

[MSSQL]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
mssql.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links.  -1 means no limit.
mssql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent).  -1 means no limit.
mssql.max_links = -1

; Minimum error severity to display.
mssql.min_error_severity = 10

; Minimum message severity to display.
mssql.min_message_severity = 10

; Compatibility mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
mssql.compatability_mode = Off

; Connect timeout
;mssql.connect_timeout = 5

; Query timeout
;mssql.timeout = 60

; Valid range 0 - 2147483647.  Default = 4096.
;mssql.textlimit = 4096

; Valid range 0 - 2147483647.  Default = 4096.
;mssql.textsize = 4096

; Limits the number of records in each batch.  0 = all records in one batch.
;mssql.batchsize = 0

; Specify how datetime and datetim4 columns are returned
; On => Returns data converted to SQL server settings
; Off => Returns values as YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss
;mssql.datetimeconvert = On

; Use NT authentication when connecting to the server
mssql.secure_connection = Off

; Specify max number of processes. -1 = library default
; msdlib defaults to 25
; FreeTDS defaults to 4096
;mssql.max_procs = -1

; Specify client character set.
; If empty or not set the client charset from freetds.comf is used
; This is only used when compiled with FreeTDS
;mssql.charset = "ISO-8859-1"

[Assertion]
; Assert(expr); active by default.
;assert.active = On

; Issue a PHP warning for each failed assertion.
;assert.warning = On

; Don't bail out by default.
;assert.bail = Off

; User-function to be called if an assertion fails.
;assert.callback = 0

; Eval the expression with current error_reporting().  Set to true if you want
; error_reporting(0) around the eval().
;assert.quiet_eval = 0

[COM]
; path to a file containing GUIDs, IIDs or filenames of files with TypeLibs
;com.typelib_file =
; allow Distributed-COM calls
;com.allow_dcom = true
; autoregister constants of a components typlib on com_load()
;com.autoregister_typelib = true
; register constants casesensitive
;com.autoregister_casesensitive = false
; show warnings on duplicate constant registrations
;com.autoregister_verbose = true

[mbstring]
; language for internal character representation.
mbstring.language = Japanese

; internal/script encoding.
; Some encoding cannot work as internal encoding.
; (e.g. SJIS, BIG5, ISO-2022-*)
mbstring.internal_encoding = UTF-8

; http input encoding.
mbstring.http_input = auto

; http output encoding. mb_output_handler must be
; registered as output buffer to function
mbstring.http_output = UTF-8

; enable automatic encoding translation according to
; mbstring.internal_encoding setting. Input chars are
; converted to internal encoding by setting this to On.
; Note: Do _not_ use automatic encoding translation for
;       portable libs/applications.
mbstring.encoding_translation = Off

; automatic encoding detection order.
; auto means
mbstring.detect_order = auto

; substitute_character used when character cannot be converted
; one from another
mbstring.substitute_character = none;

; overload(replace) single byte functions by mbstring functions.
; mail(), ereg(), etc are overloaded by mb_send_mail(), mb_ereg(),
; etc. Possible values are 0,1,2,4 or combination of them.
; For example, 7 for overload everything.
; 0: No overload
; 1: Overload mail() function
; 2: Overload str*() functions
; 4: Overload ereg*() functions
;mbstring.func_overload = 0

; enable strict encoding detection.
;mbstring.strict_encoding = Off

mbstring.script_encoding = auto

[FrontBase]
;fbsql.allow_persistent = On
;fbsql.autocommit = On
;fbsql.show_timestamp_decimals = Off
;fbsql.default_database =
;fbsql.default_database_password =
;fbsql.default_host =
;fbsql.default_password =
;fbsql.default_user = "_SYSTEM"
;fbsql.generate_warnings = Off
;fbsql.max_connections = 128
;fbsql.max_links = 128
;fbsql.max_persistent = -1
;fbsql.max_results = 128

[gd]
; Tell the jpeg decode to libjpeg warnings and try to create
; a gd image. The warning will then be displayed as notices
; disabled by default
;gd.jpeg_ignore_warning = 0

[exif]
; Exif UNICODE user comments are handled as UCS-2BE/UCS-2LE and JIS as JIS.
; With mbstring support this will automatically be converted into the encoding
; given by corresponding encode setting. When empty mbstring.internal_encoding
; is used. For the decode settings you can distinguish between motorola and
; intel byte order. A decode setting cannot be empty.
;exif.encode_unicode = ISO-8859-15
;exif.decode_unicode_motorola = UCS-2BE
;exif.decode_unicode_intel    = UCS-2LE
;exif.encode_jis =
;exif.decode_jis_motorola = JIS
;exif.decode_jis_intel    = JIS

[Tidy]
; The path to a default tidy configuration file to use when using tidy
;tidy.default_config = /usr/local/lib/php/default.tcfg

; Should tidy clean and repair output automatically?
; WARNING: Do not use this option if you are generating non-html content
; such as dynamic images
tidy.clean_output = Off

[soap]
; Enables or disables WSDL caching feature.
soap.wsdl_cache_enabled=1
; Sets the directory name where SOAP extension will put cache files.
soap.wsdl_cache_dir="/tmp"
; (time to live) Sets the number of second while cached file will be used
; instead of original one.
soap.wsdl_cache_ttl=86400

; Local Variables:
; tab-width: 4
; End:

[ EOF ]
------------------

/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lltdl *** Error code 1

PHP-5.3.3 をインストール中にエラー発生。
FreeBSD7.3にて。

http://d.hatena.ne.jp/akiyan/20061128/1164713205 を見て解決。

# cd /usr/ports/security/libmcrypt-2.5.7/libltdl
# ./configure --enable-ltdl-install
# make install clean

その後PHPを再度 make; make test; make install して完了。


 FreeBSD7.x, Apache1.3.x, php5.2.xでソースからインストール(コンパイル)後、Apacheを起動すると

[root@bsd7 ]# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache.sh start
Starting Apache web server: Syntax error on line 205 of /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf:
Cannot load /usr/local/apache/libexec/libphp5.so into server: /usr/local/apache/libexec/libphp5.so: Undefined symbol "ap_user_id"
/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start: httpd could not be started


となってApacheが起動しない...のの対処法。
# つか、いい加減Apache1.3.xは使わない方向で。
# 2.2.xなどの現在stableでリリースされてるものを使いましょう。


【 解決法 】

 FreeBSD7.xではソースからコンパイルせず、portsを使いましょう。

MySQLもしくはPostgreSQLはportsでインストール済みとする。
んで、configureオプションは以下の通り。

[ apache1.3.42 ]
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-suexec --suexec-caller=nobody --suexec-userdir=homepage --suexec-docroot=/home --suexec-logfile=/usr/local/apache/logs/suexec_log --suexec-uidmin=1000 --suexec-gidmin=1000 --suexec-safepath="/bin:/usr/bin" --enable-module=log_agent --enable-module=log_referer --enable-module=so --enable-module=rewrite

[ php-5.2.14 ]
./configure --enable-mbstring --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-pgsql=/usr/local/pgsql/ --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/


portsからインストールするんだけど、SuExecとかも指定したいので/etc/make.confを設定し、/usr/ports/www/apache13/Makefileを書き換えます。
その上で、phpをインストールするとapacheも同時にインストールしてくれる。

[ /etc/make.conf ]
--------
# added by use.perl 2010-09-18 22:01:14
PERL_VERSION=5.10.1

#apache1.3
WITH_APACHE_SUEXEC = yes
APACHE_SUEXEC_DOCROOT = /home
APACHE_SUEXEC_CALLER = nobody
APACHE_SUEXEC_UIDMIN = 1000
APACHE_SUEXEC_GIDMIN = 1000
APACHE_SUEXEC_LOG = /var/log/httpd-suexec_log
APACHE_SUEXEC_USERDIR = homepage
DEFAULT_PATH = "/bin:/usr/bin"
--------


[ /usr/ports/www/apache13/Makefile ]

 55  CONFIGURE_ARGS= --prefix=${PREFIX} \
    56                  --server-uid=www \
    57                  --server-gid=www \
    58                  --with-perl=${PERL} \
    59                  --with-layout=FreeBSD \
    60                  --suexec-docroot=${PREFIX}/www/data \
    61                  --without-confadjust \
    62                  --enable-module=most \
    63                  --enable-module=auth_db \
    64                  --enable-module=mmap_static \
    65                  --disable-module=auth_dbm \
    66                  --enable-shared=max \
    67                  --enable-module=ssl \
    68                  --enable-module=define

を修正する

CONFIGURE_ARGS= --prefix=${PREFIX} \
                      --server-uid=www \
                      --server-gid=www \
                      --with-perl=${PERL} \
                      --with-layout=FreeBSD \
                      --suexec-docroot=${PREFIX}/www/data \
                      --without-confadjust \
                      --enable-module=most \
                      --enable-module=auth_db \
                      --enable-module=mmap_static \
                      --disable-module=auth_dbm \
                      --enable-shared=max \
                      --enable-module=ssl \
                      --enable-module=define \

                      --enable-module=log_agent \
                      --enable-module=log_referer \
                      --enable-module=so \
                      --enable-module=rewrite \

                      ${SUEXEC_CONF} \
                      ${EXPAT_CONF}

以下操作ログ

[root@bsd7 ]# vi /etc/make.conf
[root@bsd7 ]# pushd /usr/ports/www/apache13

# Apacheが既にインストール済みの場合、PortsからPHPをインストールしようとするとエラーになるので、一旦アンインストールする。
# インストールしていない場合は/etc/make.confを設定後、ApacheのMakefileを書き換えてPHPをインストールすれば同時に Apacheもインストールされるので、あえて明示的にApacheをインストールせずPHPのみをインストールすれば良い。
[root@bsd7 ]# make deinstall

# ここで、上記の様にCONFIGURE_ARGSを指定する
[root@bsd7 ]# vi Makefile

[root@bsd7 ]# pushd /usr/ports/lang/php52
[root@bsd7 ]# make clean

# make configにてphpのconfigureオプションを指定
[root@bsd7 ]# make config

[root@bsd7 ]# make
[root@bsd7 ]# make test
[root@bsd7 ]# make install
[root@bsd7 ]# make clean

OSがFreeBSD7.xならports使っとけって話です。


■追記
OSがFreeBSD7.xの場合、
1. Apache1.3.xを使う場合、Apache, PHPともportsからインストールする。
2. どうしてもソースからインストールしたい場合は Apache2.2.xを使用する。

3. OS(FreeBSD)は安定版を使用する - 7.x, 5.xなどの奇数Verは極力避ける -
などなど。

気をつけましょう。


チラシの裏めも。
マニュアル嫁って話でした。


FreeBSD では、起動スクリプトは通常 /usr/local/etc/rc.d/  にありま
す。.rc(8)  のマニュアルではこのディレクトリのスクリプトはそれらのベース
の名前が *.sh  シェルのファイル名のパターンに一致したときのみ実行できる
と書いてあります。そのディレクトリの他のファイルあるいはディレクトリは無
視されます。換言すれば、FreeBSD では、mysql.server スクリプトを
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql.server.sh  としてインストールして自動による起
動を有効にします。

ですって。

つまり、/usr/local/src/mysql-5.1.43/support-files/mysql.serverをコピーして、mysql-server.shに。
postgres(という名前なら - PostgreSQLの場合: /usr/local/src/postgresql-8.4.1/contrib/start-scripts/freebsd をコピーする - )
をpostgres.shに変えれば自動的に起動します。


FreeBSD6.2 RELEASE-p4にて。

bsd6# /usr/local/bin/bash
/libexec/ld-elf.so.1: Shared object "libintl.so.6" not found, required by "bash"
bsd6# ldconfig -m /usr/local/lib
bsd6# /usr/local/bin/bash
[root@bsd6 ~]#

↑イマココ。

rootになれない場合は、シングルユーザーモードにて作業を行います。

以上。



ldconfig -m /usr/local/lib とした後、

ldconfig -r | awk '/search/ {print $3}' | tr ":" "\n" > /etc/ld-elf.so.conf
ldconfig -r | awk '/search/ {print $3}' | tr ":" "\n" > /etc/ld.so.conf

としておくと良いのかも。

[ 参考URL ]

http://www.nxhack.com/wiki/index.php/FreeBSD_Tips
http://blog.k-go.org/archives/50402298.html
http://freebsd.g.hatena.ne.jp/py4s-tnk/20070504
http://satospo.sakura.ne.jp/blog_archives/tech/freebsd/ldconfig.html
http://www.otsune.com/bsd/ports/install_as_user.html

FreeBSD6.2 -> 8.1 Upgrade の 手順

3回再起動が必要になります。
FreeBSD6.3 以降であれば、freebsd-update -r 8.1-RELEASE upgrade で即アップグレード可能ですが、
FreeBSD6.2以前の場合は upgrade オプションが無いため、一旦6.3にした後8.1にアップグレードしました。

以下参照。



[admin@bsd6 ~]$ su -
Password:
[root@bsd6 ~]# mkdir DL
[root@bsd6 ~]# mkdir DL/update
[root@bsd6 ~]# uname -r
6.2-RELEASE

[root@bsd6 ~]# cd DL/update/
[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]# wget http://people.freebsd.org/~cperciva/freebsd-update-upgrade.tgz
[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]# tar xzf freebsd-update-upgrade.tgz
[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]# ls
freebsd-update-upgrade.tgz      freebsd-update.sh
freebsd-update.conf

[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]# sh freebsd-update.sh -f freebsd-update.conf -r 6.3-RELEASE upgrade
Looking up update.FreeBSD.org mirrors... 4 mirrors found.
Fetching public key from update5.FreeBSD.org... done.
Fetching metadata signature for 6.2-RELEASE from update5.FreeBSD.org... done.
Fetching metadata index... done.
Fetching 2 metadata files... done.
Inspecting system... done.

The following components of FreeBSD seem to be installed:
kernel/generic world/base world/dict world/doc world/manpages

The following components of FreeBSD do not seem to be installed:
kernel/smp src/base src/bin src/contrib src/crypto src/etc src/games
src/gnu src/include src/krb5 src/lib src/libexec src/release src/rescue
src/sbin src/secure src/share src/sys src/tools src/ubin src/usbin
world/catpages world/games world/info world/proflibs

Does this look reasonable (y/n)? y

Fetching metadata signature for 6.3-RELEASE from update5.FreeBSD.org... done.
Fetching metadata index... done.
Fetching 1 metadata patches. done.
Applying metadata patches... done.
Fetching 1 metadata files... done.
Inspecting system... done.
Preparing to download files...


[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]# sh freebsd-update.sh -f freebsd-update.conf install
Installing updates...
Kernel updates have been installed.  Please reboot and run
"freebsd-update.sh install" again to finish installing updates.

[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]#/sbin/shutdown -r now

[root@bsd6 ~]# cd DL/update/
[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]# sh freebsd-update.sh -f freebsd-update.conf install
Installing updates... done.
[root@bsd6 ~/DL/update]# /sbin/shutdown -r now

[root@bsd6 ~]# uname -r
6.3-RELEASE-p13

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ここから8.1へアップグレードして行きます。

[root@bsd6 ~]# freebsd-update -r 8.1-RELEASE upgrade
Looking up update.FreeBSD.org mirrors... 4 mirrors found.
Fetching metadata signature for 6.3-RELEASE from update4.FreeBSD.org... done.
Fetching metadata index... done.
Inspecting system... done.

The following components of FreeBSD seem to be installed:
kernel/generic world/base world/dict world/doc world/manpages

The following components of FreeBSD do not seem to be installed:
kernel/smp src/base src/bin src/contrib src/crypto src/etc src/games
src/gnu src/include src/krb5 src/lib src/libexec src/release src/rescue
src/sbin src/secure src/share src/sys src/tools src/ubin src/usbin
world/catpages world/games world/info world/proflibs

Does this look reasonable (y/n)? y

Fetching metadata signature for 8.1-RELEASE from update4.FreeBSD.org... done.
Fetching metadata index... done.
Fetching 1 metadata patches. done.
Applying metadata patches... done.
Fetching 1 metadata files... done.
Inspecting system... done.
Fetching files from 6.3-RELEASE for merging... done.
Preparing to download files... done.
Fetching 8642 patches.....

Applying patches... done.
Fetching 7962 files...

--- 設定ファイルの手動編集 ---
--- 省略  ---

[root@bsd6 ~]# freebsd-update -r 8.1-RELEASE install
Installing updates...

Kernel updates have been installed.  Please reboot and run
"/usr/sbin/freebsd-update install" again to finish installing updates.
[root@bsd6 ~]# /sbin/shutdown -r now

[root@bsd6 ~]# freebsd-update install
Installing updates...

Completing this upgrade requires removing old shared object files.
Please rebuild all installed 3rd party software (e.g., programs
installed from the ports tree) and then run "/usr/sbin/freebsd-update install"
again to finish installing updates.

[root@bsd6 ~]# portsnap fetch
[root@bsd6 ~]# portsnap update
[root@bsd6 ~]# pushd /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/portupgrade
[root@bsd6 ~]# make
[root@bsd6 ~]# make install
[root@bsd6 ~]# make install clean


[root@bsd6 ~]# vi portsupdate.sh
--------
#!/bin/sh

portsdb -Uu
pkgdb -aF
portversion -v
#portupgrade -ra
portversion -c > update.sh
chmod +rx update.sh
sh ./update.sh
portsclean -CDP
--------

[root@bsd6 ~]# chmod +rx portsupdate.sh
[root@bsd6 ~]# ./portsupdate.sh

以上。

まぁ、再起動出来ないHostの場合は代替機を用意して、差し替えて運用する必要がありますな。

1. FreeBSD6.2, Apache1.3.42, PHP5.3, Python2.7, mod_python にてApacheがSegmentation Faultで落ちる。
2. Pythonは--without-thread指定しないとコンパイルが通らない。
3. mod_pythonの代わりにmod_wsgiをインストールしようとしたが、--without-threadを付けてPythonをインストール後 mod_wsgiをインストールしようとすると、PythonのThreadを有効にしてインストールしろと怒られる...。


どうしろと?という状況になったので、OSから全部新規にやり直し。


FreeBSD8.1, Apache2.2.16, PHP5.3, MySQL5.1, Python2.6.5, mod_wsgi3.3 で動きました。(FreeBSD7.3で新規に書き下ろした解決方法はこちら)


以下操作ログ。

あー、 ちなみに、mod_pythonのSegmentation Faultだが、今回は 「mod_pythonとPHP, MySQLがインストールされているとSegmentation Fault(11)でApacheが落ちる」という迷惑極まりない代物。諦めましょう。

http://djangoproject.jp/doc/ja/1.0/howto/deployment/modpython.html#id11 によると、
『mod_python と mod_php を同じ Apache のインスタンスで動作させ、バックエンドに MySQL を使っている場合。PHP と Python MySQL バックエンドとのバージョン衝突で引き起こされる既知の問題かもしれません。これについては mod_python FAQ entry に詳しく書かれています。』とのこと。


[root@bsd ~]# uname -a
FreeBSD bsd.local 8.1-RELEASE FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE #0: Mon Jul 19 02:55:53 UTC 2010     root@almeida.cse.buffalo.edu:/usr/obj/usr/src/sys/GENERIC  i386



- ports更新 -
[root@bsd ~]# portsnap fetch
[root@bsd ~]# portsnap extract


- postgresqlインストール -
[root@bsd ~]# pushd /usr/local/src/
[root@bsd ~]# wget http://wwwmaster.postgresql.org/redir/323/f/source/v8.4.4/postgresql-8.4.4.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# tar xzf postgresql-8.4.4.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# cd postgresql-8.4.4
[root@bsd ~]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pgsql
[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make install
[root@bsd ~]# make clean
[root@bsd ~]# adduser postgres
[root@bsd ~]# /usr/local/pgsql/bin/initdb -D /usr/local/pgsql/data
[root@bsd ~]# chown postgres:postgres /usr/local/pgsql
[root@bsd ~]# chown -R postgres:postgres /usr/local/pgsql


- MySQLインストール -
[root@bsd ~]# pushd /usr/local/src/
[root@bsd ~]# wget http://chocbanana.com/mysql-5.1.50.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# tar xzf mysql-5.1.50.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# cd mysql-5.1.50
[root@bsd ~]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql
[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make install
[root@bsd ~]# make clean
[root@bsd ~]# cp support-files/mysql.server.sh /usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server
[root@bsd ~]# cp /usr/local/src/mysql-5.1.50/support-files/my-medium.cnf.sh /etc/my.cnf
[root@bsd ~]# vi /etc/my.cnf
[root@bsd ~]# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server start


- webalizerインストール -
[root@bsd ~]# pushd /usr/ports/www/webalizer/
[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make install
[root@bsd ~]# make clean

- libmcrypt / PHPのconfigureで指定するためインストール -
[root@bsd ~]# pushd /usr/ports/security/libmcrypt/
[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make install clean


- Python2.6.5 インストール -
[root@bsd ~]# pushd /usr/ports/lang/python
[root@bsd ~]# make fetch
[root@bsd ~]# make config # ここで Enable thread supportを有効にすること
[root@bsd ~]# make patch
[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make install
[root@bsd ~]# make clean


- Apache2.2.16インストール -
[root@bsd ~]# pushd /usr/local/src/
[root@bsd ~]# wget http://chocbanana.com/dl/httpd-2.2.16.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# tar xzf httpd-2.2.16.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# cd httpd-2.2.16

[root@bsd ~]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2  --enable-suexec --with-suexec-caller=nobody --with-suexec-userdir=homepage --with-suexec-docroot=/home  --with-suexec-logfile=/usr/local/apache2/logs/suexec_log --with-suexec-uidmin=1000 --with-suexec-gidmin=1000 --with-suexec-safepath="/bin:/usr/bin"  --enable-module=log_agent --enable-module=log_referer --enable-module=so --enable-module=rewrite --enable-rule=SHARED_CORE  --enable-rule=EXPAT

[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make install
[root@bsd ~]# make clean



- PHP5.3.3インストール -
[root@bsd ~]# cd ../
[root@bsd ~]# wget http://chocbanana.com/dl/php-5.3.3.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# tar xzf php-5.3.3.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# cd php-5.3.3
[root@bsd ~]# ./configure --enable-mbstring --enable-mbregex --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-pgsql=/usr/local/pgsql --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd --with-zlib --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/lib --with-png-dir=/usr/local/lib --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local --with-mcrypt=/usr/local

[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make test
[root@bsd ~]# make install
[root@bsd ~]# make clean

- mod_wsgiインストール(ApacheとPythonのコネクタ) -
[root@bsd ~]# cd ../
[root@bsd ~]# wget http://chocbanana.com/dl/mod_wsgi-3.3.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# tar xzf mod_wsgi-3.3.tar.gz
[root@bsd ~]# cd mod_wsgi-3.3
[root@bsd ~]# ./configure --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs
[root@bsd ~]# make
[root@bsd ~]# make install



[root@bsd ~]# vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf


[ httpd.conf ]
-----
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
LoadModule php5_module        modules/libphp5.so
LoadModule wsgi_module        modules/mod_wsgi.so
-----


[root@bsd ~]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl configtest
[root@bsd ~]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start


[ error_log ]
-----
[Sat Aug 28 21:06:23 2010] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/local/apache2/bin/suexec)
[Sat Aug 28 21:06:23 2010] [notice] Apache/2.2.16 (Unix) mod_wsgi/3.3 Python/2.6.5 PHP/5.3.3 configured -- resuming normal operations
-----

  Apache/2.2.16 (Unix) mod_wsgi/3.3 Python/2.6.5 PHP/5.3.3 configured と表示されていればOK。

  ■追記
      FreeBSD6.2で、HyperThreadingなどCPUが(擬似的な場合も含む)2つ以上の場合にPythonのコンパイルが通らない可能性が ある。
      SMP環境下でPHP, Python, MySQLを構築するには、OSのアップグレードが必要になると思います。
      # SMP環境下だとmod_wsgi3.3でも Segmentation fault(11) でApache落ちたよ。
      # つか、FreeBSD8.1ならSMPでも大丈夫だったので、OSアップグレードして下さい...。orz


VirtualDomainを利用して、複数ドメインによるメールアカウントの運用設定をサクっと。
virtual-domainで運用する場合、実ユーザー(Linux内のアカウント)と重複させてはダメ。


[root@netbrain root]# useradd -s /bin/false vmail
[root@netbrain root]# useradd -s /bin/false dovecot

[ /etc/postfix/aliases ]
-----
#
# Sample aliases file. Install in the location as specified by the
# output from the command "postconf alias_maps". Typical path names
# are /etc/aliases or /etc/mail/aliases.
#
#       >>>>>>>>>>      The program "newaliases" must be run after
#       >> NOTE >>      this file is updated for any changes to
#       >>>>>>>>>>      show through to Postfix.
#

# Person who should get root's mail. Don't receive mail as root!
#root:          hoehoe
webmaster:      root

# Basic system aliases -- these MUST be present
MAILER-DAEMON:  postmaster
postmaster:     root

# General redirections for pseudo accounts
bin:            root
daemon:         root
named:          root
nobody:         root
uucp:           root
www:            root
ftp-bugs:       root
postfix:        root

# Put your local aliases here.

# Well-known aliases
manager:        root
dumper:         root
operator:       root
abuse:          postmaster

# trap decode to catch security attacks
decode:         root
[ EOF ]
-----


[ /etc/postfix/main.cf ]
-----
alias_database = hash:/etc/postfix/aliases
alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/aliases
command_directory = /usr/sbin
config_directory = /etc/postfix
daemon_directory = /usr/libexec/postfix
data_directory = /var/lib/postfix
debug_peer_level = 2
home_mailbox = Maildir/
html_directory = no
inet_interfaces = all
mail_owner = postfix
mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq
manpage_directory = /usr/local/man
mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain,localhost, $mydomain
mynetworks = 192.168.102.0/24, 127.0.0.1, 203.141.158.147
mynetworks_style = host
newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
readme_directory = no
sample_directory = /etc/postfix
sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail
setgid_group = postdrop
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP unknown
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual
virtual_gid_maps = static:512
virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail/

#ここ(virtual_mailbox_domains)には$mydestinationと指定してはいけない。
virtual_mailbox_domains = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain,localhost, $mydomain, chocbanana.com, hogefuga.com
virtual_mailbox_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/vmailbox
virtual_minimum_uid = 100
virtual_uid_maps = static:512
[ EOF ]
-----


# 転送設定(スペース区切り)
[ /etc/postfix/virtual ]
-----
# 転送元アドレス/転送先アドレス
foo@hogefuga.com bar@gmail.com

# 転送元アドレス/転送先アドレス1/転送先アドレス2
bar@chocbanana.com bar@chocbanana.com, g.hoge@gmail.com
[ EOF ]
-----

# メールボックス設定
[ /etc/postfix/vmailbox ]
-----
# virtual mailbox
# mailaddress maildir
# virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail/

#chocbanana.com
bar@chocbanana.com chocbanana.com/bar/Maildir/

# hogefuga.com
foo@hogefuga.com hogefuga.com/hanko/Maildir/
[ EOF ]
-----

[root@netbrain root]# postalias /etc/postfix/vmailbox
[root@netbrain root]# postalias /etc/postfix/virtual


[ /usr/local/dovect/etc/dovecot.conf ]
-----
## Dovecot configuration file

# If you're in a hurry, see http://wiki.dovecot.org/QuickConfiguration

# "dovecot -n" command gives a clean output of the changed settings. Use it
# instead of copy&pasting this file when posting to the Dovecot mailing list.

# '#' character and everything after it is treated as comments. Extra spaces
# and tabs are ignored. If you want to use either of these explicitly, put the
# value inside quotes, eg.: key = "# char and trailing whitespace  "

# Default values are shown for each setting, it's not required to uncomment
# any of the lines. Exception to this are paths, they're just examples with
# the real defaults being based on configure options. The paths listed here
# are for configure --prefix=/usr/local --sysconfdir=/usr/local/etc --localstatedir=/var
# --with-ssldir=/etc/ssl

# Base directory where to store runtime data.
#base_dir = /var/run/dovecot/

# Protocols we want to be serving: imap imaps pop3 pop3s
# If you only want to use dovecot-auth, you can set this to "none".
protocols = imap imaps pop3 pop3s

# A space separated list of IP or host addresses where to listen in for
# connections. "*" listens in all IPv4 interfaces. "[::]" listens in all IPv6
# interfaces. Use "*, [::]" for listening both IPv4 and IPv6.
#
# If you want to specify ports for each service, you will need to configure
# these settings inside the protocol imap/pop3 { ... } section, so you can
# specify different ports for IMAP/POP3. For example:
#   protocol imap {
#     listen = *:10143
#     ssl_listen = *:10943
#     ..
#   }
#   protocol pop3 {
#     listen = *:10100
#     ..
#   }
#listen = *

# Disable LOGIN command and all other plaintext authentications unless
# SSL/TLS is used (LOGINDISABLED capability). Note that if the remote IP
# matches the local IP (ie. you're connecting from the same computer), the
# connection is considered secure and plaintext authentication is allowed.
disable_plaintext_auth = no

# Should all IMAP and POP3 processes be killed when Dovecot master process
# shuts down. Setting this to "no" means that Dovecot can be upgraded without
# forcing existing client connections to close (although that could also be
# a problem if the upgrade is eg. because of a security fix). This however
# means that after master process has died, the client processes can't write
# to log files anymore.
#shutdown_clients = yes

##
## Logging
##

# Log file to use for error messages, instead of sending them to syslog.
# /dev/stderr can be used to log into stderr.
#log_path =

# Log file to use for informational and debug messages.
# Default is the same as log_path.
#info_log_path =

# Prefix for each line written to log file. % codes are in strftime(3)
# format.
#log_timestamp = "%b %d %H:%M:%S "

# Syslog facility to use if you're logging to syslog. Usually if you don't
# want to use "mail", you'll use local0..local7. Also other standard
# facilities are supported.
#syslog_facility = mail

##
## SSL settings
##

# IP or host address where to listen in for SSL connections. Remember to also
# add imaps and/or pop3s to protocols setting. Defaults to same as "listen"
# setting if not specified.
#ssl_listen =

# Disable SSL/TLS support. <doc/wiki/SSL>
#ssl_disable = yes
ssl = no

# PEM encoded X.509 SSL/TLS certificate and private key. They're opened before
# dropping root privileges, so keep the key file unreadable by anyone but
# root. Included doc/mkcert.sh can be used to easily generate self-signed
# certificate, just make sure to update the domains in dovecot-openssl.cnf
#ssl_cert_file = /etc/ssl/certs/dovecot.pem
#ssl_key_file = /etc/ssl/private/dovecot.pem

# If key file is password protected, give the password here. Alternatively
# give it when starting dovecot with -p parameter. Since this file is often
# world-readable, you may want to place this setting instead to a different
# root owned 0600 file by using !include_try <path>.
#ssl_key_password =

# File containing trusted SSL certificate authorities. Set this only if you
# intend to use ssl_verify_client_cert=yes. The CAfile should contain the
# CA-certificate(s) followed by the matching CRL(s).
#ssl_ca_file =

# Request client to send a certificate. If you also want to require it, set
# ssl_require_client_cert=yes in auth section.
#ssl_verify_client_cert = no

# Which field from certificate to use for username. commonName and
# x500UniqueIdentifier are the usual choices. You'll also need to set
# ssl_username_from_cert=yes.
#ssl_cert_username_field = commonName

# How often to regenerate the SSL parameters file. Generation is quite CPU
# intensive operation. The value is in hours, 0 disables regeneration
# entirely.
#ssl_parameters_regenerate = 168

# SSL ciphers to use
#ssl_cipher_list = ALL:!LOW:!SSLv2

# Show protocol level SSL errors.
#verbose_ssl = no

##
## Login processes
##

# <doc/wiki/LoginProcess.txt>

# Directory where authentication process places authentication UNIX sockets
# which login needs to be able to connect to. The sockets are created when
# running as root, so you don't have to worry about permissions. Note that
# everything in this directory is deleted when Dovecot is started.
#login_dir = /var/run/dovecot/login

# chroot login process to the login_dir. Only reason not to do this is if you
# wish to run the whole Dovecot without roots. <doc/wiki/Rootless.txt>
#login_chroot = yes

# User to use for the login process. Create a completely new user for this,
# and don't use it anywhere else. The user must also belong to a group where
# only it has access, it's used to control access for authentication process.
# Note that this user is NOT used to access mails. <doc/wiki/UserIds.txt>
#login_user = dovecot

# Set max. process size in megabytes. If you don't use
# login_process_per_connection you might need to grow this.
#login_process_size = 64

# Should each login be processed in it's own process (yes), or should one
# login process be allowed to process multiple connections (no)? Yes is more
# secure, espcially with SSL/TLS enabled. No is faster since there's no need
# to create processes all the time.
#login_process_per_connection = yes

# Number of login processes to keep for listening new connections.
#login_processes_count = 3

# Maximum number of login processes to create. The listening process count
# usually stays at login_processes_count, but when multiple users start logging
# in at the same time more extra processes are created. To prevent fork-bombing
# we check only once in a second if new processes should be created - if all
# of them are used at the time, we double their amount until the limit set by
# this setting is reached.
#login_max_processes_count = 128

# Maximum number of connections allowed per each login process. This setting
# is used only if login_process_per_connection=no. Once the limit is reached,
# the process notifies master so that it can create a new login process.
#login_max_connections = 256

# Greeting message for clients.
#login_greeting = Dovecot ready.
login_greeting = POP3 ready.

# Space-separated list of elements we want to log. The elements which have
# a non-empty variable value are joined together to form a comma-separated
# string.
#login_log_format_elements = user=<%u> method=%m rip=%r lip=%l %c

# Login log format. %$ contains login_log_format_elements string, %s contains
# the data we want to log.
#login_log_format = %$: %s

##
## Mailbox locations and namespaces
##

# Location for users' mailboxes. This is the same as the old default_mail_env
# setting. The default is empty, which means that Dovecot tries to find the
# mailboxes automatically. This won't work if the user doesn't have any mail
# yet, so you should explicitly tell Dovecot the full location.
#
# If you're using mbox, giving a path to the INBOX file (eg. /var/mail/%u)
# isn't enough. You'll also need to tell Dovecot where the other mailboxes are
# kept. This is called the "root mail directory", and it must be the first
# path given in the mail_location setting.
#
# There are a few special variables you can use, eg.:
#
#   %u - username
#   %n - user part in user@domain, same as %u if there's no domain
#   %d - domain part in user@domain, empty if there's no domain
#   %h - home directory
#
# See doc/wiki/Variables.txt for full list. Some examples:
#
#   mail_location = maildir:~/Maildir
#   mail_location = mbox:~/mail:INBOX=/var/mail/%u
#   mail_location = mbox:/var/mail/%d/%1n/%n:INDEX=/var/indexes/%d/%1n/%n
#
# <doc/wiki/MailLocation.txt>
#
#mail_location = mbox:~/mail/:INBOX=/var/mail/%u

mail_location = maildir:~/Maildir

# If you need to set multiple mailbox locations or want to change default
# namespace settings, you can do it by defining namespace sections.
#
# You can have private, shared and public namespaces. The only difference
# between them is how Dovecot announces them to client via NAMESPACE
# extension. Shared namespaces are meant for user-owned mailboxes which are
# shared to other users, while public namespaces are for more globally
# accessible mailboxes.
#
# REMEMBER: If you add any namespaces, the default namespace must be added
# explicitly, ie. mail_location does nothing unless you have a namespace
# without a location setting. Default namespace is simply done by having a
# namespace with empty prefix.
#namespace private {
   # Hierarchy separator to use. You should use the same separator for all
   # namespaces or some clients get confused. '/' is usually a good one.
   # The default however depends on the underlying mail storage format.
   #separator =

   # Prefix required to access this namespace. This needs to be different for
   # all namespaces. For example "Public/".
   #prefix =

   # Physical location of the mailbox. This is in same format as
   # mail_location, which is also the default for it.
   #location =

   # There can be only one INBOX, and this setting defines which namespace
   # has it.
   #inbox = no

   # If namespace is hidden, it's not advertised to clients via NAMESPACE
   # extension. You'll most likely also want to set list=no. This is mostly
   # useful when converting from another server with different namespaces which
   # you want to deprecate but still keep working. For example you can create
   # hidden namespaces with prefixes "~/mail/", "~%u/mail/" and "mail/".
   #hidden = yes

   # Show the mailboxes under this namespace with LIST command. This makes the
   # namespace visible for clients that don't support NAMESPACE extension.
   #list = yes

   # Namespace handles its own subscriptions. If set to "no", the parent
   # namespace handles them (empty prefix should always have this as "yes")
   #subscriptions = yes
#}

# System user and group used to access mails. If you use multiple, userdb
# can override these by returning uid or gid fields. You can use either numbers
# or names. <doc/wiki/UserIds>
#mail_uid =
#mail_gid =

# Group to enable temporarily for privileged operations. Currently this is
# used only with INBOX when either its initial creation or dotlocking fails.
# Typically this is set to "mail" to give access to /var/mail.
mail_privileged_group = mail

# Grant access to these supplementary groups for mail processes. Typically
# these are used to set up access to shared mailboxes. Note that it may be
# dangerous to set these if users can create symlinks (e.g. if "mail" group is
# set here, ln -s /var/mail ~/mail/var could allow a user to delete others'
# mailboxes, or ln -s /secret/shared/box ~/mail/mybox would allow reading it).
#mail_access_groups =

# Allow full filesystem access to clients. There's no access checks other than
# what the operating system does for the active UID/GID. It works with both
# maildir and mboxes, allowing you to prefix mailboxes names with eg. /path/
# or ~user/.
#mail_full_filesystem_access = no

##
## Mail processes
##

# Enable mail process debugging. This can help you figure out why Dovecot
# isn't finding your mails.
#mail_debug = no

# Log prefix for mail processes. See doc/wiki/Variables.txt for list of
# possible variables you can use.
#mail_log_prefix = "%Us(%u): "

# Max. number of lines a mail process is allowed to log per second before it's
# throttled. 0 means unlimited. Typically there's no need to change this
# unless you're using mail_log plugin, which may log a lot. This setting is
# ignored while mail_debug=yes to avoid pointless throttling.
#mail_log_max_lines_per_sec = 10

# Don't use mmap() at all. This is required if you store indexes to shared
# filesystems (NFS or clustered filesystem).
#mmap_disable = no

# Rely on O_EXCL to work when creating dotlock files. NFS supports O_EXCL
# since version 3, so this should be safe to use nowadays by default.
dotlock_use_excl = yes

# Don't use fsync() or fdatasync() calls. This makes the performance better
# at the cost of potential data loss if the server (or the file server)
# goes down.
#fsync_disable = no

# Mail storage exists in NFS. Set this to yes to make Dovecot flush NFS caches
# whenever needed. If you're using only a single mail server this isn't needed.
#mail_nfs_storage = no
# Mail index files also exist in NFS. Setting this to yes requires
# mmap_disable=yes and fsync_disable=no.
#mail_nfs_index = no

# Locking method for index files. Alternatives are fcntl, flock and dotlock.
# Dotlocking uses some tricks which may create more disk I/O than other locking
# methods. NFS users: flock doesn't work, remember to change mmap_disable.
#lock_method = fcntl

# Drop all privileges before exec()ing the mail process. This is mostly
# meant for debugging, otherwise you don't get core dumps. It could be a small
# security risk if you use single UID for multiple users, as the users could
# ptrace() each others processes then.
#mail_drop_priv_before_exec = no

# Show more verbose process titles (in ps). Currently shows user name and
# IP address. Useful for seeing who are actually using the IMAP processes
# (eg. shared mailboxes or if same uid is used for multiple accounts).
verbose_proctitle = yes

# Valid UID range for users, defaults to 500 and above. This is mostly
# to make sure that users can't log in as daemons or other system users.
# Note that denying root logins is hardcoded to dovecot binary and can't
# be done even if first_valid_uid is set to 0.
first_valid_uid = 500
#last_valid_uid = 0

# Valid GID range for users, defaults to non-root/wheel. Users having
# non-valid GID as primary group ID aren't allowed to log in. If user
# belongs to supplementary groups with non-valid GIDs, those groups are
# not set.
first_valid_gid = 500
#last_valid_gid = 0

# Maximum number of running mail processes. When this limit is reached,
# new users aren't allowed to log in.
#max_mail_processes = 512

# Set max. process size in megabytes. Most of the memory goes to mmap()ing
# files, so it shouldn't harm much even if this limit is set pretty high.
#mail_process_size = 256

# Maximum allowed length for mail keyword name. It's only forced when trying
# to create new keywords.
#mail_max_keyword_length = 50

# ':' separated list of directories under which chrooting is allowed for mail
# processes (ie. /var/mail will allow chrooting to /var/mail/foo/bar too).
# This setting doesn't affect login_chroot, mail_chroot or auth chroot
# settings.
# WARNING: Never add directories here which local users can modify, that
# may lead to root exploit. Usually this should be done only if you don't
# allow shell access for users. <doc/wiki/Chrooting.txt>
#valid_chroot_dirs =

# Default chroot directory for mail processes. This can be overridden for
# specific users in user database by giving /./ in user's home directory
# (eg. /home/./user chroots into /home). Note that usually there is no real
# need to do chrooting, Dovecot doesn't allow users to access files outside
# their mail directory anyway. If your home directories are prefixed with
# the chroot directory, append "/." to mail_chroot. <doc/wiki/Chrooting.txt>
#mail_chroot =

##
## Mailbox handling optimizations
##

# The minimum number of mails in a mailbox before updates are done to cache
# file. This allows optimizing Dovecot's behavior to do less disk writes at
# the cost of more disk reads.
#mail_cache_min_mail_count = 0

# When IDLE command is running, mailbox is checked once in a while to see if
# there are any new mails or other changes. This setting defines the minimum
# time in seconds to wait between those checks. Dovecot can also use dnotify,
# inotify and kqueue to find out immediately when changes occur.
#mailbox_idle_check_interval = 30

# Save mails with CR+LF instead of plain LF. This makes sending those mails
# take less CPU, especially with sendfile() syscall with Linux and FreeBSD.
# But it also creates a bit more disk I/O which may just make it slower.
# Also note that if other software reads the mboxes/maildirs, they may handle
# the extra CRs wrong and cause problems.
#mail_save_crlf = no

##
## Maildir-specific settings
##

# By default LIST command returns all entries in maildir beginning with a dot.
# Enabling this option makes Dovecot return only entries which are directories.
# This is done by stat()ing each entry, so it causes more disk I/O.
# (For systems setting struct dirent->d_type, this check is free and it's
# done always regardless of this setting)
#maildir_stat_dirs = no

# When copying a message, do it with hard links whenever possible. This makes
# the performance much better, and it's unlikely to have any side effects.
maildir_copy_with_hardlinks = yes

# When copying a message, try to preserve the base filename. Only if the
# destination mailbox already contains the same name (ie. the mail is being
# copied there twice), a new name is given. The destination filename check is
# done only by looking at dovecot-uidlist file, so if something outside
# Dovecot does similar filename preserving copies, you may run into problems.
# NOTE: This setting requires maildir_copy_with_hardlinks = yes to work.
#maildir_copy_preserve_filename = no

##
## mbox-specific settings
##

# Which locking methods to use for locking mbox. There are four available:
#  dotlock: Create <mailbox>.lock file. This is the oldest and most NFS-safe
#           solution. If you want to use /var/mail/ like directory, the users
#           will need write access to that directory.
#  dotlock_try: Same as dotlock, but if it fails because of permissions or
#               because there isn't enough disk space, just skip it.
#  fcntl  : Use this if possible. Works with NFS too if lockd is used.
#  flock  : May not exist in all systems. Doesn't work with NFS.
#  lockf  : May not exist in all systems. Doesn't work with NFS.
#
# You can use multiple locking methods; if you do the order they're declared
# in is important to avoid deadlocks if other MTAs/MUAs are using multiple
# locking methods as well. Some operating systems don't allow using some of
# them simultaneously.
#mbox_read_locks = fcntl
#mbox_write_locks = dotlock fcntl

# Maximum time in seconds to wait for lock (all of them) before aborting.
#mbox_lock_timeout = 300

# If dotlock exists but the mailbox isn't modified in any way, override the
# lock file after this many seconds.
#mbox_dotlock_change_timeout = 120

# When mbox changes unexpectedly we have to fully read it to find out what
# changed. If the mbox is large this can take a long time. Since the change
# is usually just a newly appended mail, it'd be faster to simply read the
# new mails. If this setting is enabled, Dovecot does this but still safely
# fallbacks to re-reading the whole mbox file whenever something in mbox isn't
# how it's expected to be. The only real downside to this setting is that if
# some other MUA changes message flags, Dovecot doesn't notice it immediately.
# Note that a full sync is done with SELECT, EXAMINE, EXPUNGE and CHECK
# commands.
#mbox_dirty_syncs = yes

# Like mbox_dirty_syncs, but don't do full syncs even with SELECT, EXAMINE,
# EXPUNGE or CHECK commands. If this is set, mbox_dirty_syncs is ignored.
#mbox_very_dirty_syncs = no

# Delay writing mbox headers until doing a full write sync (EXPUNGE and CHECK
# commands and when closing the mailbox). This is especially useful for POP3
# where clients often delete all mails. The downside is that our changes
# aren't immediately visible to other MUAs.
#mbox_lazy_writes = yes

# If mbox size is smaller than this (in kilobytes), don't write index files.
# If an index file already exists it's still read, just not updated.
#mbox_min_index_size = 0

##
## dbox-specific settings
##

# Maximum dbox file size in kilobytes until it's rotated.
#dbox_rotate_size = 2048

# Minimum dbox file size in kilobytes before it's rotated
# (overrides dbox_rotate_days)
#dbox_rotate_min_size = 16

# Maximum dbox file age in days until it's rotated. Day always begins from
# midnight, so 1 = today, 2 = yesterday, etc. 0 = check disabled.
#dbox_rotate_days = 0

##
## IMAP specific settings
##

protocol imap {
  # Login executable location.
  #login_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap-login

  # IMAP executable location. Changing this allows you to execute other
  # binaries before the imap process is executed.
  #
  # This would write rawlogs into ~/dovecot.rawlog/ directory:
  #   mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/rawlog /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap
  #
  # This would attach gdb into the imap process and write backtraces into
  # /tmp/gdbhelper.* files:
  #   mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/gdbhelper /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap
  #
  #mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap

  # Maximum IMAP command line length in bytes. Some clients generate very long
  # command lines with huge mailboxes, so you may need to raise this if you get
  # "Too long argument" or "IMAP command line too large" errors often.
  #imap_max_line_length = 65536

  # Maximum number of IMAP connections allowed for a user from each IP address.
  # NOTE: The username is compared case-sensitively.
  #mail_max_userip_connections = 10

  # Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
  # list of plugins to load.
  #mail_plugins =
  #mail_plugin_dir = /usr/local/lib/dovecot/imap

  # Send IMAP capabilities in greeting message. This makes it unnecessary for
  # clients to request it with CAPABILITY command, so it saves one round-trip.
  # Many clients however don't understand it and ask the CAPABILITY anyway.
  #login_greeting_capability = yes

  # IMAP logout format string:
  #  %i - total number of bytes read from client
  #  %o - total number of bytes sent to client
  #imap_logout_format = bytes=%i/%o

  # Override the IMAP CAPABILITY response.
  #imap_capability =

  # Workarounds for various client bugs:
  #   delay-newmail:
  #     Send EXISTS/RECENT new mail notifications only when replying to NOOP
  #     and CHECK commands. Some clients ignore them otherwise, for example OSX
  #     Mail (<v2.1). Outlook Express breaks more badly though, without this it
  #     may show user "Message no longer in server" errors. Note that OE6 still
  #     breaks even with this workaround if synchronization is set to
  #     "Headers Only".
  #   netscape-eoh:
  #     Netscape 4.x breaks if message headers don't end with the empty "end of
  #     headers" line. Normally all messages have this, but setting this
  #     workaround makes sure that Netscape never breaks by adding the line if
  #     it doesn't exist. This is done only for FETCH BODY[HEADER.FIELDS..]
  #     commands. Note that RFC says this shouldn't be done.
  #   tb-extra-mailbox-sep:
  #     With mbox storage a mailbox can contain either mails or submailboxes,
  #     but not both. Thunderbird separates these two by forcing server to
  #     accept '/' suffix in mailbox names in subscriptions list.
  # The list is space-separated.
  imap_client_workarounds = delay-newmail netscape-eoh tb-extra-mailbox-sep
}
 
##
## POP3 specific settings
##

protocol pop3 {
  # Login executable location.
  #login_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/pop3-login

  # POP3 executable location. See IMAP's mail_executable above for examples
  # how this could be changed.
  #mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/pop3

  # Don't try to set mails non-recent or seen with POP3 sessions. This is
  # mostly intended to reduce disk I/O. With maildir it doesn't move files
  # from new/ to cur/, with mbox it doesn't write Status-header.
  #pop3_no_flag_updates = no

  # Support LAST command which exists in old POP3 specs, but has been removed
  # from new ones. Some clients still wish to use this though. Enabling this
  # makes RSET command clear all \Seen flags from messages.
  #pop3_enable_last = no

  # If mail has X-UIDL header, use it as the mail's UIDL.
  #pop3_reuse_xuidl = no

  # Keep the mailbox locked for the entire POP3 session.
  #pop3_lock_session = no

  # POP3 UIDL (unique mail identifier) format to use. You can use following
  # variables, along with the variable modifiers described in
  # doc/wiki/Variables.txt (e.g. %Uf for the filename in uppercase)
  #
  #  %v - Mailbox's IMAP UIDVALIDITY
  #  %u - Mail's IMAP UID
  #  %m - MD5 sum of the mailbox headers in hex (mbox only)
  #  %f - filename (maildir only)
  #
  # If you want UIDL compatibility with other POP3 servers, use:
  #  UW's ipop3d         : %08Xv%08Xu
  #  Courier             : %f or %v-%u (both might be used simultaneosly)
  #  Cyrus (<= 2.1.3)    : %u
  #  Cyrus (>= 2.1.4)    : %v.%u
  #  Dovecot v0.99.x     : %v.%u
  #  tpop3d              : %Mf
  #
  # Note that Outlook 2003 seems to have problems with %v.%u format which was
  # Dovecot's default, so if you're building a new server it would be a good
  # idea to change this. %08Xu%08Xv should be pretty fail-safe.
  #
  pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv

  # POP3 logout format string:
  #  %i - total number of bytes read from client
  #  %o - total number of bytes sent to client
  #  %t - number of TOP commands
  #  %p - number of bytes sent to client as a result of TOP command
  #  %r - number of RETR commands
  #  %b - number of bytes sent to client as a result of RETR command
  #  %d - number of deleted messages
  #  %m - number of messages (before deletion)
  #  %s - mailbox size in bytes (before deletion)
  #pop3_logout_format = top=%t/%p, retr=%r/%b, del=%d/%m, size=%s

  # Maximum number of POP3 connections allowed for a user from each IP address.
  # NOTE: The username is compared case-sensitively.
  #mail_max_userip_connections = 3

  # Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
  # list of plugins to load.
  #mail_plugins =
  #mail_plugin_dir = /usr/local/lib/dovecot/pop3

  # Workarounds for various client bugs:
  #   outlook-no-nuls:
  #     Outlook and Outlook Express hang if mails contain NUL characters.
  #     This setting replaces them with 0x80 character.
  #   oe-ns-eoh:
  #     Outlook Express and Netscape Mail breaks if end of headers-line is
  #     missing. This option simply sends it if it's missing.
  # The list is space-separated.
  pop3_client_workarounds = outlook-no-nuls oe-ns-eoh
}

##
## LDA specific settings
##

protocol lda {
  # Address to use when sending rejection mails.
  postmaster_address = postmaster@example.com

  # Hostname to use in various parts of sent mails, eg. in Message-Id.
  # Default is the system's real hostname.
  #hostname =

  # Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
  # list of plugins to load.
  #mail_plugins =
  #mail_plugin_dir = /usr/local/lib/dovecot/lda

  # If user is over quota, return with temporary failure instead of
  # bouncing the mail.
  #quota_full_tempfail = no

  # Format to use for logging mail deliveries. You can use variables:
  #  %$ - Delivery status message (e.g. "saved to INBOX")
  #  %m - Message-ID
  #  %s - Subject
  #  %f - From address
  #deliver_log_format = msgid=%m: %$

  # Binary to use for sending mails.
  sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail

  # Subject: header to use for rejection mails. You can use the same variables
  # as for rejection_reason below.
  #rejection_subject = Automatically rejected mail

  # Human readable error message for rejection mails. You can use variables:
  #  %n = CRLF, %r = reason, %s = original subject, %t = recipient
  #rejection_reason = Your message to <%t> was automatically rejected:%n%r

  # UNIX socket path to master authentication server to find users.
  #auth_socket_path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
}

##
## Authentication processes
##

# Executable location
#auth_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/dovecot-auth

# Set max. process size in megabytes.
#auth_process_size = 256

# Authentication cache size in kilobytes. 0 means it's disabled.
# Note that bsdauth, PAM and vpopmail require cache_key to be set for caching
# to be used.
#auth_cache_size = 0
# Time to live in seconds for cached data. After this many seconds the cached
# record is no longer used, *except* if the main database lookup returns
# internal failure. We also try to handle password changes automatically: If
# user's previous authentication was successful, but this one wasn't, the
# cache isn't used. For now this works only with plaintext authentication.
#auth_cache_ttl = 3600
# TTL for negative hits (user not found). 0 disables caching them completely.
#auth_cache_negative_ttl = 3600

# Space separated list of realms for SASL authentication mechanisms that need
# them. You can leave it empty if you don't want to support multiple realms.
# Many clients simply use the first one listed here, so keep the default realm
# first.
#auth_realms =

# Default realm/domain to use if none was specified. This is used for both
# SASL realms and appending @domain to username in plaintext logins.
#auth_default_realm =

# List of allowed characters in username. If the user-given username contains
# a character not listed in here, the login automatically fails. This is just
# an extra check to make sure user can't exploit any potential quote escaping
# vulnerabilities with SQL/LDAP databases. If you want to allow all characters,
# set this value to empty.
#auth_username_chars = abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ01234567890.-_@

# Username character translations before it's looked up from databases. The
# value contains series of from -> to characters. For example "#@/@" means
# that '#' and '/' characters are translated to '@'.
#auth_username_translation =

# Username formatting before it's looked up from databases. You can use
# the standard variables here, eg. %Lu would lowercase the username, %n would
# drop away the domain if it was given, or "%n-AT-%d" would change the '@' into
# "-AT-". This translation is done after auth_username_translation changes.
auth_username_format = %Lu

# If you want to allow master users to log in by specifying the master
# username within the normal username string (ie. not using SASL mechanism's
# support for it), you can specify the separator character here. The format
# is then <username><separator><master username>. UW-IMAP uses "*" as the
# separator, so that could be a good choice.
#auth_master_user_separator =

# Username to use for users logging in with ANONYMOUS SASL mechanism
#auth_anonymous_username = anonymous

# More verbose logging. Useful for figuring out why authentication isn't
# working.
#auth_verbose = no

# Even more verbose logging for debugging purposes. Shows for example SQL
# queries.
#auth_debug = no

# In case of password mismatches, log the passwords and used scheme so the
# problem can be debugged. Enabling this also enables auth_debug.
#auth_debug_passwords = no

# Maximum number of dovecot-auth worker processes. They're used to execute
# blocking passdb and userdb queries (eg. MySQL and PAM). They're
# automatically created and destroyed as needed.
#auth_worker_max_count = 30

# Number of auth requests to handle before destroying the process. This may
# be useful if PAM plugins leak memory.
#auth_worker_max_request_count = 0

# Host name to use in GSSAPI principal names. The default is to use the
# name returned by gethostname().
#auth_gssapi_hostname =

# Kerberos keytab to use for the GSSAPI mechanism. Will use the system
# default (usually /etc/krb5.keytab) if not specified.
#auth_krb5_keytab =

# Do NTLM authentication using Samba's winbind daemon and ntlm_auth helper.
# <doc/wiki/Authentication/Mechanisms/Winbind.txt>
#auth_ntlm_use_winbind = no

# Path for Samba's ntlm_auth helper binary.
#auth_winbind_helper_path = /usr/local/bin/ntlm_auth

# Number of seconds to delay before replying to failed authentications.
#auth_failure_delay = 2

auth default {
  # Space separated list of wanted authentication mechanisms:
  #   plain login digest-md5 cram-md5 ntlm rpa apop anonymous gssapi otp skey
  #   gss-spnego
  # NOTE: See also disable_plaintext_auth setting.
  mechanisms = apop plain login

  #
  # Password database is used to verify user's password (and nothing more).
  # You can have multiple passdbs and userdbs. This is useful if you want to
  # allow both system users (/etc/passwd) and virtual users to login without
  # duplicating the system users into virtual database.
  #
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.txt>
  #
  # By adding master=yes setting inside a passdb you make the passdb a list
  # of "master users", who can log in as anyone else. Unless you're using PAM,
  # you probably still want the destination user to be looked up from passdb
  # that it really exists. This can be done by adding pass=yes setting to the
  # master passdb. <doc/wiki/Authentication.MasterUsers.txt>

  # Users can be temporarily disabled by adding a passdb with deny=yes.
  # If the user is found from that database, authentication will fail.
  # The deny passdb should always be specified before others, so it gets
  # checked first. Here's an example:

  #passdb passwd-file {
    # File contains a list of usernames, one per line
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot.deny
    #deny = yes
  #}

   passdb passwd-file {
    args = /usr/local/dovecot/etc/dovecot-passwd
   }
   #userdb passwd-file {
   #     args = /usr/local/dovecot/etc/dovecot-virtual-password
   #}

   userdb static {
       args = uid=512 gid=512 home=/home/vmail/%d/%n
   }


  # PAM authentication. Preferred nowadays by most systems.
  # Note that PAM can only be used to verify if user's password is correct,
  # so it can't be used as userdb. If you don't want to use a separate user
  # database (passwd usually), you can use static userdb.
  # REMEMBER: You'll need /etc/pam.d/dovecot file created for PAM
  # authentication to actually work. <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.PAM.txt>
  passdb pam {
    # [session=yes] [setcred=yes] [failure_show_msg=yes]
    # [cache_key=<key>] [<service name>]
    #
    # session=yes makes Dovecot open and immediately close PAM session. Some
    # PAM plugins need this to work, such as pam_mkhomedir.
    #
    # setcred=yes makes Dovecot establish PAM credentials if some PAM plugins
    # need that. They aren't ever deleted though, so this isn't enabled by
    # default.
    #
    # cache_key can be used to enable authentication caching for PAM
    # (auth_cache_size also needs to be set). It isn't enabled by default
    # because PAM modules can do all kinds of checks besides checking password,
    # such as checking IP address. Dovecot can't know about these checks
    # without some help. cache_key is simply a list of variables (see
    # doc/wiki/Variables.txt) which must match for the cached data to be used.
    # Here are some examples:
    #   %u - Username must match. Probably sufficient for most uses.
    #   %u%r - Username and remote IP address must match.
    #   %u%s - Username and service (ie. IMAP, POP3) must match.
    #
    # The service name can contain variables, for example %Ls expands to
    # pop3 or imap.
    #
    # Some examples:
    #   args = session=yes %Ls
    #   args = cache_key=%u dovecot
    #args = dovecot
    #args = session=yes dovecot
  }

  # System users (NSS, /etc/passwd, or similiar)
  # In many systems nowadays this uses Name Service Switch, which is
  # configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf. <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.Passwd.txt>
  #passdb passwd {
    # [blocking=yes] - See userdb passwd for explanation
    #args =
  #}

  # Shadow passwords for system users (NSS, /etc/shadow or similiar).
  # Deprecated by PAM nowadays.
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.Shadow.txt>
  #passdb shadow {
    # [blocking=yes] - See userdb passwd for explanation
    #args =
  #}

  # PAM-like authentication for OpenBSD.
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.BSDAuth.txt>
  #passdb bsdauth {
    # [cache_key=<key>] - See cache_key in PAM for explanation.
    #args =
  #}

  # passwd-like file with specified location
  # <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.PasswdFile.txt>
  #passdb passwd-file {
    # [scheme=<default password scheme>] [username_format=<format>]
    # <Path for passwd-file>
    #args =
  #}

  # checkpassword executable authentication
  # NOTE: You will probably want to use "userdb prefetch" with this.
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.CheckPassword.txt>
  #passdb checkpassword {
    # Path for checkpassword binary
    #args =
  #}

  # SQL database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.SQL.txt>
  #passdb sql {
    # Path for SQL configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-sql.conf
  #}

  # LDAP database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.LDAP.txt>
  #passdb ldap {
    # Path for LDAP configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-ldap.conf
  #}

  # vpopmail authentication <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.VPopMail.txt>
  #passdb vpopmail {
    # [cache_key=<key>] - See cache_key in PAM for explanation.
    # [quota_template=<template>] - %q expands to Maildir++ quota
    #   (eg. quota_template=quota_rule=*:backend=%q)
    #args =
  #}

  #
  # User database specifies where mails are located and what user/group IDs
  # own them. For single-UID configuration use "static".
  #
  # <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.txt>
  #

  # "prefetch" user database means that the passdb already provided the
  # needed information and there's no need to do a separate userdb lookup.
  # This can be made to work with SQL and LDAP databases, see their example
  # configuration files for more information how to do it.
  # <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Prefetch.txt>
  #userdb prefetch {
  #}

  # System users (NSS, /etc/passwd, or similiar). In many systems nowadays this
  # uses Name Service Switch, which is configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf.
  # <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.Passwd.txt>
  userdb passwd {
    # [blocking=yes] - By default the lookups are done in the main dovecot-auth
    # process. This setting causes the lookups to be done in auth worker
    # proceses. Useful with remote NSS lookups that may block.
    # NOTE: Be sure to use this setting with nss_ldap or users might get
    # logged in as each others!
    args = blocking=yes
  }

  # passwd-like file with specified location
  # <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.PasswdFile.txt>
  #userdb passwd-file {
    # [username_format=<format>] <Path for passwd-file>
    #args =
  #}

  # static settings generated from template <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Static.txt>
  #userdb static {
    # Template for the fields. Can return anything a userdb could normally
    # return. For example:
    #
    #  args = uid=500 gid=500 home=/var/mail/%u
    #
    # If you use deliver, it needs to look up users only from the userdb. This
    # of course doesn't work with static because there is no list of users.
    # Normally static userdb handles this by doing a passdb lookup. This works
    # with most passdbs, with PAM being the most notable exception. If you do
    # the user verification another way, you can add allow_all_users=yes to
    # the args in which case the passdb lookup is skipped.
    #
    #args =
  #}

  # SQL database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.SQL.txt>
  #userdb sql {
    # Path for SQL configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-sql.conf
  #}

  # LDAP database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.LDAP.txt>
  #userdb ldap {
    # Path for LDAP configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-ldap.conf
  #}

  # vpopmail <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.VPopMail.txt>
  #userdb vpopmail {
  #}

  # User to use for the process. This user needs access to only user and
  # password databases, nothing else. Only shadow and pam authentication
  # requires roots, so use something else if possible. Note that passwd
  # authentication with BSDs internally accesses shadow files, which also
  # requires roots. Note that this user is NOT used to access mails.
  # That user is specified by userdb above.
  user = root

  # Directory where to chroot the process. Most authentication backends don't
  # work if this is set, and there's no point chrooting if auth_user is root.
  # Note that valid_chroot_dirs isn't needed to use this setting.
  #chroot =

  # Number of authentication processes to create
  #count = 1

  # Require a valid SSL client certificate or the authentication fails.
  #ssl_require_client_cert = no

  # Take the username from client's SSL certificate, using
  # X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID() which returns the subject's DN's
  # CommonName.
  #ssl_username_from_cert = no

  # It's possible to export the authentication interface to other programs:
  socket listen {
    master {
      # Master socket provides access to userdb information. It's typically
      # used to give Dovecot's local delivery agent access to userdb so it
      # can find mailbox locations.
      path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
      mode = 0600
      # Default user/group is the one who started dovecot-auth (root)
      #user =
      #group =
    }
    client {
      # The client socket is generally safe to export to everyone. Typical use
      # is to export it to your SMTP server so it can do SMTP AUTH lookups
      # using it.
      path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-client
      mode = 0660
    }
  }
}

# If you wish to use another authentication server than dovecot-auth, you can
# use connect sockets. They are assumed to be already running, Dovecot's master
# process only tries to connect to them. They don't need any other settings
# than the path for the master socket, as the configuration is done elsewhere.
# Note that the client sockets must exist in the login_dir.
#auth external {
#  socket connect {
#    master {
#      path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
#    }
#  }
#}

##
## Dictionary server settings
##

# Dictionary can be used by some plugins to store key=value lists.
# Currently this is only used by dict quota backend. The dictionary can be
# used either directly or though a dictionary server. The following dict block
# maps dictionary names to URIs when the server is used. These can then be
# referenced using URIs in format "proxy::<name>".

dict {
  #quota = mysql:/usr/local/etc/dovecot-dict-quota.conf
}

# Path to Berkeley DB's configuration file.
# See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-db.conf
#dict_db_config = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-db.conf

##
## Plugin settings
##

plugin {
  # Here you can give some extra environment variables to mail processes.
  # This is mostly meant for passing parameters to plugins. %variable
  # expansion is done for all values.

  # Quota plugin. Multiple backends are supported:
  #   dirsize: Find and sum all the files found from mail directory.
  #            Extremely SLOW with Maildir. It'll eat your CPU and disk I/O.
  #   dict: Keep quota stored in dictionary (eg. SQL)
  #   maildir: Maildir++ quota
  #   fs: Read-only support for filesystem quota
  #
  # Quota limits are set using "quota_rule" parameters, either in here or in
  # userdb. It's also possible to give mailbox-specific limits, for example:
  #   quota_rule = *:storage=1048576
  #   quota_rule2 = Trash:storage=102400
  # User has now 1GB quota, but when saving to Trash mailbox the user gets
  # additional 100MB.
  #
  # Multiple quota roots are also possible, for example:
  #   quota = dict:user::proxy::quota
  #   quota2 = dict:domain:%d:proxy::quota_domain
  #   quota_rule = *:storage=102400
  #   quota2_rule = *:storage=1048576
  # Gives each user their own 100MB quota and one shared 1GB quota within
  # the domain.
  #
  # You can execute a given command when user exceeds a specified quota limit.
  # Each quota root has separate limits. Only the command for the first
  # exceeded limit is excecuted, so put the highest limit first.
  # Note that % needs to be escaped as %%, otherwise "% " expands to empty.
  #   quota_warning = storage=95%% /usr/local/bin/quota-warning.sh 95
  #   quota_warning2 = storage=80%% /usr/local/bin/quota-warning.sh 80
  #quota = maildir

  # ACL plugin. vfile backend reads ACLs from "dovecot-acl" file from maildir
  # directory. You can also optionally give a global ACL directory path where
  # ACLs are applied to all users' mailboxes. The global ACL directory contains
  # one file for each mailbox, eg. INBOX or sub.mailbox. cache_secs parameter
  # specifies how many seconds to wait between stat()ing dovecot-acl file
  # to see if it changed.
  #acl = vfile:/usr/local/etc/dovecot-acls:cache_secs=300

  # Convert plugin. If set, specifies the source storage path which is
  # converted to destination storage (mail_location) when the user logs in.
  # The existing mail directory is renamed to <dir>-converted.
  #convert_mail = mbox:%h/mail
  # Skip mailboxes which we can't open successfully instead of aborting.
  #convert_skip_broken_mailboxes = no
  # Skip directories beginning with '.'
  #convert_skip_dotdirs = no
  # If source storage has mailbox names with destination storage's hierarchy
  # separators, replace them with this character.
  #convert_alt_hierarchy_char = _

  # Trash plugin. When saving a message would make user go over quota, this
  # plugin automatically deletes the oldest mails from configured mailboxes
  # until the message can be saved within quota limits. The configuration file
  # is a text file where each line is in format: <priority> <mailbox name>
  # Mails are first deleted in lowest -> highest priority number order
  #trash = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-trash.conf

  # Expire plugin. Mails are expunged from mailboxes after being there the
  # configurable time. The first expiration date for each mailbox is stored in
  # a dictionary so it can be quickly determined which mailboxes contain
  # expired mails. The actual expunging is done in a nightly cronjob, which
  # you must set up:
  #   dovecot --exec-mail ext /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/expire-tool
  #expire = Trash 7 Spam 30
  #expire_dict = db:/var/db/dovecot/expire.db

  # Lazy expunge plugin. Currently works only with maildirs. When a user
  # expunges mails, the mails are moved to a mailbox in another namespace
  # (1st). When a mailbox is deleted, the mailbox is moved to another namespace
  # (2nd) as well. Also if the deleted mailbox had any expunged messages,
  # they're moved to a 3rd namespace. The mails won't be counted in quota,
  # and they're not deleted automatically (use a cronjob or something).
  #lazy_expunge = .EXPUNGED/ .DELETED/ .DELETED/.EXPUNGED/

  # Events to log. Default is all.
  #mail_log_events = delete undelete expunge copy mailbox_delete mailbox_rename
  # Group events within a transaction to one line.
  #mail_log_group_events =
  # Available fields: uid, box, msgid, size, vsize
  # size and vsize are available only for expunge and copy events.
  #mail_log_fields = uid box msgid size
}

[ EOF ]
-----

[ /usr/local/dovecot/etc/dovecot-passwd ]
-----
bar@chocbanana.com:{PLAIN}barpass
foo@hogefuga.com:{PLAINfoopass
[ EOF ]
-----


[ /etc/rc.d/init.d/postfix ]
-----
#!/bin/sh
#
# syslog        Starts syslogd/klogd.
#
#
# chkconfig: 2345 30 99
# description:  MTA
# securlevel: 90
# processname: postfix dovecot

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

[ -f /usr/sbin/postfix ] || exit 0
[ -f /usr/local/dovecot/sbin/dovecot ] || exit 0

PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/dovecot/sbin

RETVAL=0

# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
  start)
        echo -n "Starting postfix: "
        # we don't want the MARK ticks
        daemon postfix start
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        echo -n "Starting dovecot: "
        daemon dovecot -c /usr/local/dovecot/etc/dovecot.conf
        echo
        [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/postfix
        ;;
  stop)
        echo -n "Shutting down postfix: "
        postfix stop
        echo
        echo -n "Shutting down dovecot: "
        killproc dovecot
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/postfix
        ;;
  status)
        status postfix
        status dovecot
        RETVAL=$?
        ;;
  restart|reload)
        $0 stop
        $0 start
        RETVAL=$?
        ;;
  *)
        echo "Usage: postfix {start|stop|status|restart}"
        exit 1
esac

exit $RETVAL

[ EOF ]
-----

[root@netbrain root]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/postfix stop
[root@netbrain root]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/postfix start

ソース読んで下さい。

BACK.tar.gz

以上。

Postfix と Dovecot

設定ファイルの編集箇所は赤字にて記載。

注意点)
 1. メールアカウントとして使用するユーザーのログインシェルは/usr/bin/false等にしておく
 2. ユーザーの gid が 0 ( wheelなどに所属する場合 )などは、
Nov  4 21:32:38 bsd dovecot: user hoehoe: Logins for users with primary
group ID 0 not permitted (see first_valid_gid in config file).
Nov 4 21:32:38 bsd dovecot: pop3-login: Internal login failure (auth
failed, 1 attempts): user=<hoehoe>, method=PLAIN, rip=203.141.158.147,
lip=192.168.102.250
Nov 4 21:33:45 bsd dovecot: Killed with signal 15
など、エラーになる場合がある。
まぁ、あとこまごまあるけど・・・赤字で書いてある・・・部分もあります。

あくまでも、「オレのメモ(仮)」です。
以下作業内容。FreeBSD-7.2にて。


   #  cd /usr/ports/mail/postfix
   #  make fetch
   #  make patch
   #  make
   #  make install
   #  make clean

   #  cd ../dovecot
   #  ls
   #  make fetch
   #  make patch
   #  make
   #  make install
   #  make clean


   #  vi /etc/rc.conf
[ rc.conf ]
---
# -- sysinstall generated deltas -- # Wed Nov  4 08:52:44 2009
# Created: Wed Nov  4 08:52:44 2009
# Enable network daemons for user convenience.
# Please make all changes to this file, not to /etc/defaults/rc.conf.
# This file now contains just the overrides from /etc/defaults/rc.conf.
defaultrouter="192.168.102.1"
hostname="bsd.local"
ifconfig_em0="inet 192.168.102.250  netmask 255.255.255.0"
keymap="us.unix"

openssh_enable="YES"
sendmail_enable="NO"
sendmail_submit_enable="NO"
sendmail_outbound_enable="NO"
sendmail_msp_queue_enable="NO"

postfix_enable="YES"
dovecot_enable="YES"
xinetd_enable="YES"
[ EOF ]
---

   #  vi /etc/periodic.conf
[ periodic.conf ]
---
daily_clean_hoststat_enable="NO"
daily_status_mail_rejects_enable="NO"
daily_status_include_submit_mailq="NO"
daily_submit_queuerun="NO"
[ EOF ]
---

   #  cp /etc/mail/mailer.conf /etc/mail/mailer.conf.org
   #  vi /etc/mail/mailer.conf
[ mailer.conf ]
---
# $FreeBSD: src/etc/mail/mailer.conf,v 1.3.34.1 2009/04/15 03:14:26 kensmith Exp $
#
# Execute the "real" sendmail program, named /usr/libexec/sendmail/sendmail
#
sendmail        /usr/local/sbin/sendmail
send-mail       /usr/local/sbin/sendmail
mailq           /usr/local/sbin/sendmail
newaliases      /usr/local/sbin/sendmail
[ EOF ]
---

   #  vi /usr/local/etc/postfix/main.cf
[ main.cf ]
---
# Global Postfix configuration file. This file lists only a subset
# of all parameters. For the syntax, and for a complete parameter
# list, see the postconf(5) manual page (command: "man 5 postconf").
#
# For common configuration examples, see BASIC_CONFIGURATION_README
# and STANDARD_CONFIGURATION_README. To find these documents, use
# the command "postconf html_directory readme_directory", or go to
# http://www.postfix.org/.
#
# For best results, change no more than 2-3 parameters at a time,
# and test if Postfix still works after every change.

# SOFT BOUNCE
#
# The soft_bounce parameter provides a limited safety net for
# testing.  When soft_bounce is enabled, mail will remain queued that
# would otherwise bounce. This parameter disables locally-generated
# bounces, and prevents the SMTP server from rejecting mail permanently
# (by changing 5xx replies into 4xx replies). However, soft_bounce
# is no cure for address rewriting mistakes or mail routing mistakes.
#
#soft_bounce = no

# LOCAL PATHNAME INFORMATION
#
# The queue_directory specifies the location of the Postfix queue.
# This is also the root directory of Postfix daemons that run chrooted.
# See the files in examples/chroot-setup for setting up Postfix chroot
# environments on different UNIX systems.
#
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix

# The command_directory parameter specifies the location of all
# postXXX commands.
#
command_directory = /usr/local/sbin

# The daemon_directory parameter specifies the location of all Postfix
# daemon programs (i.e. programs listed in the master.cf file). This
# directory must be owned by root.
#
daemon_directory = /usr/local/libexec/postfix

# The data_directory parameter specifies the location of Postfix-writable
# data files (caches, random numbers). This directory must be owned
# by the mail_owner account (see below).
#
data_directory = /var/db/postfix

# QUEUE AND PROCESS OWNERSHIP
#
# The mail_owner parameter specifies the owner of the Postfix queue
# and of most Postfix daemon processes.  Specify the name of a user
# account THAT DOES NOT SHARE ITS USER OR GROUP ID WITH OTHER ACCOUNTS
# AND THAT OWNS NO OTHER FILES OR PROCESSES ON THE SYSTEM.  In
# particular, don't specify nobody or daemon. PLEASE USE A DEDICATED
# USER.
#
mail_owner = postfix

# The default_privs parameter specifies the default rights used by
# the local delivery agent for delivery to external file or command.
# These rights are used in the absence of a recipient user context.
# DO NOT SPECIFY A PRIVILEGED USER OR THE POSTFIX OWNER.
#
#default_privs = nobody

# INTERNET HOST AND DOMAIN NAMES
#
# The myhostname parameter specifies the internet hostname of this
# mail system. The default is to use the fully-qualified domain name
# from gethostname(). $myhostname is used as a default value for many
# other configuration parameters.
#
#myhostname = host.domain.tld
#myhostname = virtual.domain.tld
myhostname = mail.chocbanana.com


# The mydomain parameter specifies the local internet domain name.
# The default is to use $myhostname minus the first component.
# $mydomain is used as a default value for many other configuration
# parameters.
#
#mydomain = domain.tld
mydomain = chocbanana.com

# SENDING MAIL
#
# The myorigin parameter specifies the domain that locally-posted
# mail appears to come from. The default is to append $myhostname,
# which is fine for small sites.  If you run a domain with multiple
# machines, you should (1) change this to $mydomain and (2) set up
# a domain-wide alias database that aliases each user to
# user@that.users.mailhost.
#
# For the sake of consistency between sender and recipient addresses,
# myorigin also specifies the default domain name that is appended
# to recipient addresses that have no @domain part.
#
#myorigin = $myhostname
#myorigin = $mydomain
myorigin = $mydomain

# RECEIVING MAIL

# The inet_interfaces parameter specifies the network interface
# addresses that this mail system receives mail on.  By default,
# the software claims all active interfaces on the machine. The
# parameter also controls delivery of mail to user@[ip.address].
#
# See also the proxy_interfaces parameter, for network addresses that
# are forwarded to us via a proxy or network address translator.
#
# Note: you need to stop/start Postfix when this parameter changes.
#
#inet_interfaces = all
#inet_interfaces = $myhostname
#inet_interfaces = $myhostname, localhost

inet_interfaces = all

# The proxy_interfaces parameter specifies the network interface
# addresses that this mail system receives mail on by way of a
# proxy or network address translation unit. This setting extends
# the address list specified with the inet_interfaces parameter.
#
# You must specify your proxy/NAT addresses when your system is a
# backup MX host for other domains, otherwise mail delivery loops
# will happen when the primary MX host is down.
#
#proxy_interfaces =
#proxy_interfaces = 1.2.3.4

# The mydestination parameter specifies the list of domains that this
# machine considers itself the final destination for.
#
# These domains are routed to the delivery agent specified with the
# local_transport parameter setting. By default, that is the UNIX
# compatible delivery agent that lookups all recipients in /etc/passwd
# and /etc/aliases or their equivalent.
#
# The default is $myhostname + localhost.$mydomain.  On a mail domain
# gateway, you should also include $mydomain.
#
# Do not specify the names of virtual domains - those domains are
# specified elsewhere (see VIRTUAL_README).
#
# Do not specify the names of domains that this machine is backup MX
# host for. Specify those names via the relay_domains settings for
# the SMTP server, or use permit_mx_backup if you are lazy (see
# STANDARD_CONFIGURATION_README).
#
# The local machine is always the final destination for mail addressed
# to user@[the.net.work.address] of an interface that the mail system
# receives mail on (see the inet_interfaces parameter).
#
# Specify a list of host or domain names, /file/name or type:table
# patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. A /file/name
# pattern is replaced by its contents; a type:table is matched when
# a name matches a lookup key (the right-hand side is ignored).
# Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.
#
# See also below, section "REJECTING MAIL FOR UNKNOWN LOCAL USERS".
#
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $mydomain
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $mydomain,
#    mail.$mydomain, www.$mydomain, ftp.$mydomain

mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain,localhost, $mydomain

# REJECTING MAIL FOR UNKNOWN LOCAL USERS
#
# The local_recipient_maps parameter specifies optional lookup tables
# with all names or addresses of users that are local with respect
# to $mydestination, $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces.
#
# If this parameter is defined, then the SMTP server will reject
# mail for unknown local users. This parameter is defined by default.
#
# To turn off local recipient checking in the SMTP server, specify
# local_recipient_maps = (i.e. empty).
#
# The default setting assumes that you use the default Postfix local
# delivery agent for local delivery. You need to update the
# local_recipient_maps setting if:
#
# - You define $mydestination domain recipients in files other than
#   /etc/passwd, /etc/aliases, or the $virtual_alias_maps files.
#   For example, you define $mydestination domain recipients in   
#   the $virtual_mailbox_maps files.
#
# - You redefine the local delivery agent in master.cf.
#
# - You redefine the "local_transport" setting in main.cf.
#
# - You use the "luser_relay", "mailbox_transport", or "fallback_transport"
#   feature of the Postfix local delivery agent (see local(8)).
#
# Details are described in the LOCAL_RECIPIENT_README file.
#
# Beware: if the Postfix SMTP server runs chrooted, you probably have
# to access the passwd file via the proxymap service, in order to
# overcome chroot restrictions. The alternative, having a copy of
# the system passwd file in the chroot jail is just not practical.
#
# The right-hand side of the lookup tables is conveniently ignored.
# In the left-hand side, specify a bare username, an @domain.tld
# wild-card, or specify a user@domain.tld address.
#
#local_recipient_maps = unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps
#local_recipient_maps = proxy:unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps
#local_recipient_maps =

# The unknown_local_recipient_reject_code specifies the SMTP server
# response code when a recipient domain matches $mydestination or
# ${proxy,inet}_interfaces, while $local_recipient_maps is non-empty
# and the recipient address or address local-part is not found.
#
# The default setting is 550 (reject mail) but it is safer to start
# with 450 (try again later) until you are certain that your
# local_recipient_maps settings are OK.
#
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550

# TRUST AND RELAY CONTROL

# The mynetworks parameter specifies the list of "trusted" SMTP
# clients that have more privileges than "strangers".
#
# In particular, "trusted" SMTP clients are allowed to relay mail
# through Postfix.  See the smtpd_recipient_restrictions parameter
# in postconf(5).
#
# You can specify the list of "trusted" network addresses by hand
# or you can let Postfix do it for you (which is the default).
#
# By default (mynetworks_style = subnet), Postfix "trusts" SMTP
# clients in the same IP subnetworks as the local machine.
# On Linux, this does works correctly only with interfaces specified
# with the "ifconfig" command.
#
# Specify "mynetworks_style = class" when Postfix should "trust" SMTP
# clients in the same IP class A/B/C networks as the local machine.
# Don't do this with a dialup site - it would cause Postfix to "trust"
# your entire provider's network.  Instead, specify an explicit
# mynetworks list by hand, as described below.

# Specify "mynetworks_style = host" when Postfix should "trust"
# only the local machine.
#
#mynetworks_style = class
#mynetworks_style = subnet
mynetworks_style = host

# Alternatively, you can specify the mynetworks list by hand, in
# which case Postfix ignores the mynetworks_style setting.
#
# Specify an explicit list of network/netmask patterns, where the
# mask specifies the number of bits in the network part of a host
# address.
#
# You can also specify the absolute pathname of a pattern file instead
# of listing the patterns here. Specify type:table for table-based lookups
# (the value on the table right-hand side is not used).
#
#mynetworks = 168.100.189.0/28, 127.0.0.0/8
#mynetworks = $config_directory/mynetworks
#mynetworks = hash:/usr/local/etc/postfix/network_table

# 自宅サーバーなど固定IPの場合は最後に自身のIPアドレスを記述
mynetworks = 192.168.102.0/24, 127.0.0.1, xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx

# The relay_domains parameter restricts what destinations this system will
# relay mail to.  See the smtpd_recipient_restrictions description in
# postconf(5) for detailed information.
#
# By default, Postfix relays mail
# - from "trusted" clients (IP address matches $mynetworks) to any destination,
# - from "untrusted" clients to destinations that match $relay_domains or
#   subdomains thereof, except addresses with sender-specified routing.
# The default relay_domains value is $mydestination.
#
# In addition to the above, the Postfix SMTP server by default accepts mail
# that Postfix is final destination for:
# - destinations that match $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces,
# - destinations that match $mydestination
# - destinations that match $virtual_alias_domains,
# - destinations that match $virtual_mailbox_domains.
# These destinations do not need to be listed in $relay_domains.
#
# Specify a list of hosts or domains, /file/name patterns or type:name
# lookup tables, separated by commas and/or whitespace.  Continue
# long lines by starting the next line with whitespace. A file name
# is replaced by its contents; a type:name table is matched when a
# (parent) domain appears as lookup key.
#
# NOTE: Postfix will not automatically forward mail for domains that
# list this system as their primary or backup MX host. See the
# permit_mx_backup restriction description in postconf(5).
#
#relay_domains = $mydestination

# INTERNET OR INTRANET

# The relayhost parameter specifies the default host to send mail to
# when no entry is matched in the optional transport(5) table. When
# no relayhost is given, mail is routed directly to the destination.
#
# On an intranet, specify the organizational domain name. If your
# internal DNS uses no MX records, specify the name of the intranet
# gateway host instead.
#
# In the case of SMTP, specify a domain, host, host:port, [host]:port,
# [address] or [address]:port; the form [host] turns off MX lookups.
#
# If you're connected via UUCP, see also the default_transport parameter.
#
#relayhost = $mydomain
#relayhost = [gateway.my.domain]
#relayhost = [mailserver.isp.tld]
#relayhost = uucphost
#relayhost = [an.ip.add.ress]

# REJECTING UNKNOWN RELAY USERS
#
# The relay_recipient_maps parameter specifies optional lookup tables
# with all addresses in the domains that match $relay_domains.
#
# If this parameter is defined, then the SMTP server will reject
# mail for unknown relay users. This feature is off by default.
#
# The right-hand side of the lookup tables is conveniently ignored.
# In the left-hand side, specify an @domain.tld wild-card, or specify
# a user@domain.tld address.
#
#relay_recipient_maps = hash:/usr/local/etc/postfix/relay_recipients

# INPUT RATE CONTROL
#
# The in_flow_delay configuration parameter implements mail input
# flow control. This feature is turned on by default, although it
# still needs further development (it's disabled on SCO UNIX due
# to an SCO bug).
#
# A Postfix process will pause for $in_flow_delay seconds before
# accepting a new message, when the message arrival rate exceeds the
# message delivery rate. With the default 100 SMTP server process
# limit, this limits the mail inflow to 100 messages a second more
# than the number of messages delivered per second.
#
# Specify 0 to disable the feature. Valid delays are 0..10.
#
#in_flow_delay = 1s

# ADDRESS REWRITING
#
# The ADDRESS_REWRITING_README document gives information about
# address masquerading or other forms of address rewriting including
# username->Firstname.Lastname mapping.

# ADDRESS REDIRECTION (VIRTUAL DOMAIN)
#
# The VIRTUAL_README document gives information about the many forms
# of domain hosting that Postfix supports.

# "USER HAS MOVED" BOUNCE MESSAGES
#
# See the discussion in the ADDRESS_REWRITING_README document.

# TRANSPORT MAP
#
# See the discussion in the ADDRESS_REWRITING_README document.

# ALIAS DATABASE
#
# The alias_maps parameter specifies the list of alias databases used
# by the local delivery agent. The default list is system dependent.
#
# On systems with NIS, the default is to search the local alias
# database, then the NIS alias database. See aliases(5) for syntax
# details.
#
# If you change the alias database, run "postalias /etc/aliases" (or
# wherever your system stores the mail alias file), or simply run
# "newaliases" to build the necessary DBM or DB file.
#
# It will take a minute or so before changes become visible.  Use
# "postfix reload" to eliminate the delay.
#
#alias_maps = dbm:/etc/aliases
#alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
#alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, nis:mail.aliases
#alias_maps = netinfo:/aliases

# The alias_database parameter specifies the alias database(s) that
# are built with "newaliases" or "sendmail -bi".  This is a separate
# configuration parameter, because alias_maps (see above) may specify
# tables that are not necessarily all under control by Postfix.
#
#alias_database = dbm:/etc/aliases
#alias_database = dbm:/etc/mail/aliases
#alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
#alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/opt/majordomo/aliases

# ADDRESS EXTENSIONS (e.g., user+foo)
#
# The recipient_delimiter parameter specifies the separator between
# user names and address extensions (user+foo). See canonical(5),
# local(8), relocated(5) and virtual(5) for the effects this has on
# aliases, canonical, virtual, relocated and .forward file lookups.
# Basically, the software tries user+foo and .forward+foo before
# trying user and .forward.
#
#recipient_delimiter = +

# DELIVERY TO MAILBOX
#
# The home_mailbox parameter specifies the optional pathname of a
# mailbox file relative to a user's home directory. The default
# mailbox file is /var/spool/mail/user or /var/mail/user.  Specify
# "Maildir/" for qmail-style delivery (the / is required).
#
#home_mailbox = Mailbox
#home_mailbox = Maildir/
 
home_mailbox = Maildir/

# The mail_spool_directory parameter specifies the directory where
# UNIX-style mailboxes are kept. The default setting depends on the
# system type.
#
#mail_spool_directory = /var/mail
#mail_spool_directory = /var/spool/mail

# The mailbox_command parameter specifies the optional external
# command to use instead of mailbox delivery. The command is run as
# the recipient with proper HOME, SHELL and LOGNAME environment settings.
# Exception:  delivery for root is done as $default_user.
#
# Other environment variables of interest: USER (recipient username),
# EXTENSION (address extension), DOMAIN (domain part of address),
# and LOCAL (the address localpart).
#
# Unlike other Postfix configuration parameters, the mailbox_command
# parameter is not subjected to $parameter substitutions. This is to
# make it easier to specify shell syntax (see example below).
#
# Avoid shell meta characters because they will force Postfix to run
# an expensive shell process. Procmail alone is expensive enough.
#
# IF YOU USE THIS TO DELIVER MAIL SYSTEM-WIDE, YOU MUST SET UP AN
# ALIAS THAT FORWARDS MAIL FOR ROOT TO A REAL USER.
#
#mailbox_command = /some/where/procmail
#mailbox_command = /some/where/procmail -a "$EXTENSION"

# The mailbox_transport specifies the optional transport in master.cf
# to use after processing aliases and .forward files. This parameter
# has precedence over the mailbox_command, fallback_transport and
# luser_relay parameters.
#
# Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is
# the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf.  The
# :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the sample transport
# configuration file.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must update the "local_recipient_maps" setting in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for   
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#mailbox_transport = lmtp:unix:/file/name
#mailbox_transport = cyrus

# The fallback_transport specifies the optional transport in master.cf
# to use for recipients that are not found in the UNIX passwd database.
# This parameter has precedence over the luser_relay parameter.
#
# Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is
# the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf.  The
# :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the sample transport
# configuration file.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must update the "local_recipient_maps" setting in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for   
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#fallback_transport = lmtp:unix:/file/name
#fallback_transport = cyrus
#fallback_transport =

# The luser_relay parameter specifies an optional destination address
# for unknown recipients.  By default, mail for unknown@$mydestination,
# unknown@[$inet_interfaces] or unknown@[$proxy_interfaces] is returned
# as undeliverable.
#
# The following expansions are done on luser_relay: $user (recipient
# username), $shell (recipient shell), $home (recipient home directory),
# $recipient (full recipient address), $extension (recipient address
# extension), $domain (recipient domain), $local (entire recipient
# localpart), $recipient_delimiter. Specify ${name?value} or
# ${name:value} to expand value only when $name does (does not) exist.
#
# luser_relay works only for the default Postfix local delivery agent.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must specify "local_recipient_maps =" (i.e. empty) in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for   
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#luser_relay = $user@other.host
#luser_relay = $local@other.host
#luser_relay = admin+$local
 
# JUNK MAIL CONTROLS
#
# The controls listed here are only a very small subset. The file
# SMTPD_ACCESS_README provides an overview.

# The header_checks parameter specifies an optional table with patterns
# that each logical message header is matched against, including
# headers that span multiple physical lines.
#
# By default, these patterns also apply to MIME headers and to the
# headers of attached messages. With older Postfix versions, MIME and
# attached message headers were treated as body text.
#
# For details, see "man header_checks".
#
#header_checks = regexp:/usr/local/etc/postfix/header_checks

# FAST ETRN SERVICE
#
# Postfix maintains per-destination logfiles with information about
# deferred mail, so that mail can be flushed quickly with the SMTP
# "ETRN domain.tld" command, or by executing "sendmail -qRdomain.tld".
# See the ETRN_README document for a detailed description.
#
# The fast_flush_domains parameter controls what destinations are
# eligible for this service. By default, they are all domains that
# this server is willing to relay mail to.
#
#fast_flush_domains = $relay_domains

# SHOW SOFTWARE VERSION OR NOT
#
# The smtpd_banner parameter specifies the text that follows the 220
# code in the SMTP server's greeting banner. Some people like to see
# the mail version advertised. By default, Postfix shows no version.
#
# You MUST specify $myhostname at the start of the text. That is an
# RFC requirement. Postfix itself does not care.
#
#smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name
#smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name ($mail_version)

smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP unknown


# PARALLEL DELIVERY TO THE SAME DESTINATION
#
# How many parallel deliveries to the same user or domain? With local
# delivery, it does not make sense to do massively parallel delivery
# to the same user, because mailbox updates must happen sequentially,
# and expensive pipelines in .forward files can cause disasters when
# too many are run at the same time. With SMTP deliveries, 10
# simultaneous connections to the same domain could be sufficient to
# raise eyebrows.
#
# Each message delivery transport has its XXX_destination_concurrency_limit
# parameter.  The default is $default_destination_concurrency_limit for
# most delivery transports. For the local delivery agent the default is 2.

#local_destination_concurrency_limit = 2
#default_destination_concurrency_limit = 20

# DEBUGGING CONTROL
#
# The debug_peer_level parameter specifies the increment in verbose
# logging level when an SMTP client or server host name or address
# matches a pattern in the debug_peer_list parameter.
#
debug_peer_level = 2

# The debug_peer_list parameter specifies an optional list of domain
# or network patterns, /file/name patterns or type:name tables. When
# an SMTP client or server host name or address matches a pattern,
# increase the verbose logging level by the amount specified in the
# debug_peer_level parameter.
#
#debug_peer_list = 127.0.0.1
#debug_peer_list = some.domain

# The debugger_command specifies the external command that is executed
# when a Postfix daemon program is run with the -D option.
#
# Use "command .. & sleep 5" so that the debugger can attach before
# the process marches on. If you use an X-based debugger, be sure to
# set up your XAUTHORITY environment variable before starting Postfix.
#
debugger_command =
     PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin
     ddd $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5

# If you can't use X, use this to capture the call stack when a
# daemon crashes. The result is in a file in the configuration
# directory, and is named after the process name and the process ID.
#
# debugger_command =
#    PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin; export PATH; (echo cont;
#    echo where) | gdb $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id 2>&1
#    >$config_directory/$process_name.$process_id.log & sleep 5
#
# Another possibility is to run gdb under a detached screen session.
# To attach to the screen sesssion, su root and run "screen -r
# <id_string>" where <id_string> uniquely matches one of the detached
# sessions (from "screen -list").
#
# debugger_command =
#    PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin; export PATH; screen
#    -dmS $process_name gdb $daemon_directory/$process_name
#    $process_id & sleep 1

# INSTALL-TIME CONFIGURATION INFORMATION
#
# The following parameters are used when installing a new Postfix version.
#
# sendmail_path: The full pathname of the Postfix sendmail command.
# This is the Sendmail-compatible mail posting interface.
#
sendmail_path = /usr/local/sbin/sendmail

# newaliases_path: The full pathname of the Postfix newaliases command.
# This is the Sendmail-compatible command to build alias databases.
#
newaliases_path = /usr/local/bin/newaliases

# mailq_path: The full pathname of the Postfix mailq command.  This
# is the Sendmail-compatible mail queue listing command.
#
mailq_path = /usr/local/bin/mailq

# setgid_group: The group for mail submission and queue management
# commands.  This must be a group name with a numerical group ID that
# is not shared with other accounts, not even with the Postfix account.
#
setgid_group = maildrop

# html_directory: The location of the Postfix HTML documentation.
#
html_directory = no

# manpage_directory: The location of the Postfix on-line manual pages.
#
manpage_directory = /usr/local/man

# sample_directory: The location of the Postfix sample configuration files.
# This parameter is obsolete as of Postfix 2.1.
#
sample_directory = /usr/local/etc/postfix

# readme_directory: The location of the Postfix README files.
#
readme_directory = no
[ EOF ]
---

   #  cat /etc/aliases
   #  /usr/local/sbin/postalias /etc/aliases

   #  mkdir -p /etc/skel/Maildir/{new,cur,tmp}
   #  chmod -R 700 /etc/skel/Maildir


   #  vi /usr/local/etc/dovecot.conf
[ dovecot.conf ]
---
## Dovecot configuration file

# If you're in a hurry, see http://wiki.dovecot.org/QuickConfiguration

# "dovecot -n" command gives a clean output of the changed settings. Use it
# instead of copy&pasting this file when posting to the Dovecot mailing list.

# '#' character and everything after it is treated as comments. Extra spaces
# and tabs are ignored. If you want to use either of these explicitly, put the
# value inside quotes, eg.: key = "# char and trailing whitespace  "

# Default values are shown for each setting, it's not required to uncomment
# any of the lines. Exception to this are paths, they're just examples with
# the real defaults being based on configure options. The paths listed here
# are for configure --prefix=/usr/local --sysconfdir=/usr/local/etc --localstatedir=/var
# --with-ssldir=/etc/ssl

# Base directory where to store runtime data.
#base_dir = /var/run/dovecot/

# Protocols we want to be serving: imap imaps pop3 pop3s
# If you only want to use dovecot-auth, you can set this to "none".
protocols = imap imaps pop3 pop3s

# A space separated list of IP or host addresses where to listen in for
# connections. "*" listens in all IPv4 interfaces. "[::]" listens in all IPv6
# interfaces. Use "*, [::]" for listening both IPv4 and IPv6.
#
# If you want to specify ports for each service, you will need to configure
# these settings inside the protocol imap/pop3 { ... } section, so you can
# specify different ports for IMAP/POP3. For example:
#   protocol imap {
#     listen = *:10143
#     ssl_listen = *:10943
#     ..
#   }
#   protocol pop3 {
#     listen = *:10100
#     ..
#   }
#listen = *

# Disable LOGIN command and all other plaintext authentications unless
# SSL/TLS is used (LOGINDISABLED capability). Note that if the remote IP
# matches the local IP (ie. you're connecting from the same computer), the
# connection is considered secure and plaintext authentication is allowed.
disable_plaintext_auth = no

# Should all IMAP and POP3 processes be killed when Dovecot master process
# shuts down. Setting this to "no" means that Dovecot can be upgraded without
# forcing existing client connections to close (although that could also be
# a problem if the upgrade is eg. because of a security fix). This however
# means that after master process has died, the client processes can't write
# to log files anymore.
#shutdown_clients = yes

##
## Logging
##

# Log file to use for error messages, instead of sending them to syslog.
# /dev/stderr can be used to log into stderr.
#log_path =

# Log file to use for informational and debug messages.
# Default is the same as log_path.
#info_log_path =

# Prefix for each line written to log file. % codes are in strftime(3)
# format.
#log_timestamp = "%b %d %H:%M:%S "

# Syslog facility to use if you're logging to syslog. Usually if you don't
# want to use "mail", you'll use local0..local7. Also other standard
# facilities are supported.
#syslog_facility = mail

##
## SSL settings
##

# IP or host address where to listen in for SSL connections. Remember to also
# add imaps and/or pop3s to protocols setting. Defaults to same as "listen"
# setting if not specified.
#ssl_listen =

# Disable SSL/TLS support. <doc/wiki/SSL>
ssl_disable = yes

# PEM encoded X.509 SSL/TLS certificate and private key. They're opened before
# dropping root privileges, so keep the key file unreadable by anyone but
# root. Included doc/mkcert.sh can be used to easily generate self-signed
# certificate, just make sure to update the domains in dovecot-openssl.cnf
#ssl_cert_file = /etc/ssl/certs/dovecot.pem
#ssl_key_file = /etc/ssl/private/dovecot.pem

# If key file is password protected, give the password here. Alternatively
# give it when starting dovecot with -p parameter. Since this file is often
# world-readable, you may want to place this setting instead to a different
# root owned 0600 file by using !include_try <path>.
#ssl_key_password =

# File containing trusted SSL certificate authorities. Set this only if you
# intend to use ssl_verify_client_cert=yes. The CAfile should contain the
# CA-certificate(s) followed by the matching CRL(s).
#ssl_ca_file =

# Request client to send a certificate. If you also want to require it, set
# ssl_require_client_cert=yes in auth section.
#ssl_verify_client_cert = no

# Which field from certificate to use for username. commonName and
# x500UniqueIdentifier are the usual choices. You'll also need to set
# ssl_username_from_cert=yes.
#ssl_cert_username_field = commonName

# How often to regenerate the SSL parameters file. Generation is quite CPU
# intensive operation. The value is in hours, 0 disables regeneration
# entirely.
#ssl_parameters_regenerate = 168

# SSL ciphers to use
#ssl_cipher_list = ALL:!LOW:!SSLv2

# Show protocol level SSL errors.
#verbose_ssl = no

##
## Login processes
##

# <doc/wiki/LoginProcess.txt>

# Directory where authentication process places authentication UNIX sockets
# which login needs to be able to connect to. The sockets are created when
# running as root, so you don't have to worry about permissions. Note that
# everything in this directory is deleted when Dovecot is started.
#login_dir = /var/run/dovecot/login

# chroot login process to the login_dir. Only reason not to do this is if you
# wish to run the whole Dovecot without roots. <doc/wiki/Rootless.txt>
#login_chroot = yes

# User to use for the login process. Create a completely new user for this,
# and don't use it anywhere else. The user must also belong to a group where
# only it has access, it's used to control access for authentication process.
# Note that this user is NOT used to access mails. <doc/wiki/UserIds.txt>
#login_user = dovecot

# Set max. process size in megabytes. If you don't use
# login_process_per_connection you might need to grow this.
#login_process_size = 64

# Should each login be processed in it's own process (yes), or should one
# login process be allowed to process multiple connections (no)? Yes is more
# secure, espcially with SSL/TLS enabled. No is faster since there's no need
# to create processes all the time.
#login_process_per_connection = yes

# Number of login processes to keep for listening new connections.
#login_processes_count = 3

# Maximum number of login processes to create. The listening process count
# usually stays at login_processes_count, but when multiple users start logging
# in at the same time more extra processes are created. To prevent fork-bombing
# we check only once in a second if new processes should be created - if all
# of them are used at the time, we double their amount until the limit set by
# this setting is reached.
#login_max_processes_count = 128

# Maximum number of connections allowed per each login process. This setting
# is used only if login_process_per_connection=no. Once the limit is reached,
# the process notifies master so that it can create a new login process.
#login_max_connections = 256

# Greeting message for clients.
#login_greeting = Dovecot ready.
login_greeting = POP3 ready.

# Space-separated list of elements we want to log. The elements which have
# a non-empty variable value are joined together to form a comma-separated
# string.
#login_log_format_elements = user=<%u> method=%m rip=%r lip=%l %c

# Login log format. %$ contains login_log_format_elements string, %s contains
# the data we want to log.
#login_log_format = %$: %s

##
## Mailbox locations and namespaces
##

# Location for users' mailboxes. This is the same as the old default_mail_env
# setting. The default is empty, which means that Dovecot tries to find the
# mailboxes automatically. This won't work if the user doesn't have any mail
# yet, so you should explicitly tell Dovecot the full location.
#
# If you're using mbox, giving a path to the INBOX file (eg. /var/mail/%u)
# isn't enough. You'll also need to tell Dovecot where the other mailboxes are
# kept. This is called the "root mail directory", and it must be the first
# path given in the mail_location setting.
#
# There are a few special variables you can use, eg.:
#
#   %u - username
#   %n - user part in user@domain, same as %u if there's no domain
#   %d - domain part in user@domain, empty if there's no domain
#   %h - home directory
#
# See doc/wiki/Variables.txt for full list. Some examples:
#
#   mail_location = maildir:~/Maildir
#   mail_location = mbox:~/mail:INBOX=/var/mail/%u
#   mail_location = mbox:/var/mail/%d/%1n/%n:INDEX=/var/indexes/%d/%1n/%n
#
# <doc/wiki/MailLocation.txt>
#
#mail_location = mbox:~/mail/:INBOX=/var/mail/%u

mail_location = maildir:~/Maildir

# If you need to set multiple mailbox locations or want to change default
# namespace settings, you can do it by defining namespace sections.
#
# You can have private, shared and public namespaces. The only difference
# between them is how Dovecot announces them to client via NAMESPACE
# extension. Shared namespaces are meant for user-owned mailboxes which are
# shared to other users, while public namespaces are for more globally
# accessible mailboxes.
#
# REMEMBER: If you add any namespaces, the default namespace must be added
# explicitly, ie. mail_location does nothing unless you have a namespace
# without a location setting. Default namespace is simply done by having a
# namespace with empty prefix.
#namespace private {
   # Hierarchy separator to use. You should use the same separator for all
   # namespaces or some clients get confused. '/' is usually a good one.
   # The default however depends on the underlying mail storage format.
   #separator =

   # Prefix required to access this namespace. This needs to be different for
   # all namespaces. For example "Public/".
   #prefix =

   # Physical location of the mailbox. This is in same format as
   # mail_location, which is also the default for it.
   #location =

   # There can be only one INBOX, and this setting defines which namespace
   # has it.
   #inbox = no

   # If namespace is hidden, it's not advertised to clients via NAMESPACE
   # extension. You'll most likely also want to set list=no. This is mostly
   # useful when converting from another server with different namespaces which
   # you want to deprecate but still keep working. For example you can create
   # hidden namespaces with prefixes "~/mail/", "~%u/mail/" and "mail/".
   #hidden = yes

   # Show the mailboxes under this namespace with LIST command. This makes the
   # namespace visible for clients that don't support NAMESPACE extension.
   #list = yes

   # Namespace handles its own subscriptions. If set to "no", the parent
   # namespace handles them (empty prefix should always have this as "yes")
   #subscriptions = yes
#}

# System user and group used to access mails. If you use multiple, userdb
# can override these by returning uid or gid fields. You can use either numbers
# or names. <doc/wiki/UserIds>
#mail_uid =
#mail_gid =

# Group to enable temporarily for privileged operations. Currently this is
# used only with INBOX when either its initial creation or dotlocking fails.
# Typically this is set to "mail" to give access to /var/mail.
mail_privileged_group = mail

# Grant access to these supplementary groups for mail processes. Typically
# these are used to set up access to shared mailboxes. Note that it may be
# dangerous to set these if users can create symlinks (e.g. if "mail" group is
# set here, ln -s /var/mail ~/mail/var could allow a user to delete others'
# mailboxes, or ln -s /secret/shared/box ~/mail/mybox would allow reading it).
#mail_access_groups =

# Allow full filesystem access to clients. There's no access checks other than
# what the operating system does for the active UID/GID. It works with both
# maildir and mboxes, allowing you to prefix mailboxes names with eg. /path/
# or ~user/.
#mail_full_filesystem_access = no

##
## Mail processes
##

# Enable mail process debugging. This can help you figure out why Dovecot
# isn't finding your mails.
#mail_debug = no

# Log prefix for mail processes. See doc/wiki/Variables.txt for list of
# possible variables you can use.
#mail_log_prefix = "%Us(%u): "

# Max. number of lines a mail process is allowed to log per second before it's
# throttled. 0 means unlimited. Typically there's no need to change this
# unless you're using mail_log plugin, which may log a lot. This setting is
# ignored while mail_debug=yes to avoid pointless throttling.
#mail_log_max_lines_per_sec = 10

# Don't use mmap() at all. This is required if you store indexes to shared
# filesystems (NFS or clustered filesystem).
#mmap_disable = no

# Rely on O_EXCL to work when creating dotlock files. NFS supports O_EXCL
# since version 3, so this should be safe to use nowadays by default.
dotlock_use_excl = yes

# Don't use fsync() or fdatasync() calls. This makes the performance better
# at the cost of potential data loss if the server (or the file server)
# goes down.
#fsync_disable = no

# Mail storage exists in NFS. Set this to yes to make Dovecot flush NFS caches
# whenever needed. If you're using only a single mail server this isn't needed.
#mail_nfs_storage = no
# Mail index files also exist in NFS. Setting this to yes requires
# mmap_disable=yes and fsync_disable=no.
#mail_nfs_index = no

# Locking method for index files. Alternatives are fcntl, flock and dotlock.
# Dotlocking uses some tricks which may create more disk I/O than other locking
# methods. NFS users: flock doesn't work, remember to change mmap_disable.
#lock_method = fcntl

# Drop all privileges before exec()ing the mail process. This is mostly
# meant for debugging, otherwise you don't get core dumps. It could be a small
# security risk if you use single UID for multiple users, as the users could
# ptrace() each others processes then.
#mail_drop_priv_before_exec = no

# Show more verbose process titles (in ps). Currently shows user name and
# IP address. Useful for seeing who are actually using the IMAP processes
# (eg. shared mailboxes or if same uid is used for multiple accounts).
verbose_proctitle = yes

# Valid UID range for users, defaults to 500 and above. This is mostly
# to make sure that users can't log in as daemons or other system users.
# Note that denying root logins is hardcoded to dovecot binary and can't
# be done even if first_valid_uid is set to 0.
first_valid_uid = 1000
#last_valid_uid = 0

# Valid GID range for users, defaults to non-root/wheel. Users having
# non-valid GID as primary group ID aren't allowed to log in. If user
# belongs to supplementary groups with non-valid GIDs, those groups are
# not set.
first_valid_gid = 1000
#last_valid_gid = 0

# Maximum number of running mail processes. When this limit is reached,
# new users aren't allowed to log in.
#max_mail_processes = 512

# Set max. process size in megabytes. Most of the memory goes to mmap()ing
# files, so it shouldn't harm much even if this limit is set pretty high.
#mail_process_size = 256

# Maximum allowed length for mail keyword name. It's only forced when trying
# to create new keywords.
#mail_max_keyword_length = 50

# ':' separated list of directories under which chrooting is allowed for mail
# processes (ie. /var/mail will allow chrooting to /var/mail/foo/bar too).
# This setting doesn't affect login_chroot, mail_chroot or auth chroot
# settings.
# WARNING: Never add directories here which local users can modify, that
# may lead to root exploit. Usually this should be done only if you don't
# allow shell access for users. <doc/wiki/Chrooting.txt>
#valid_chroot_dirs =

# Default chroot directory for mail processes. This can be overridden for
# specific users in user database by giving /./ in user's home directory
# (eg. /home/./user chroots into /home). Note that usually there is no real
# need to do chrooting, Dovecot doesn't allow users to access files outside
# their mail directory anyway. If your home directories are prefixed with
# the chroot directory, append "/." to mail_chroot. <doc/wiki/Chrooting.txt>
#mail_chroot =

##
## Mailbox handling optimizations
##

# The minimum number of mails in a mailbox before updates are done to cache
# file. This allows optimizing Dovecot's behavior to do less disk writes at
# the cost of more disk reads.
#mail_cache_min_mail_count = 0

# When IDLE command is running, mailbox is checked once in a while to see if
# there are any new mails or other changes. This setting defines the minimum
# time in seconds to wait between those checks. Dovecot can also use dnotify,
# inotify and kqueue to find out immediately when changes occur.
#mailbox_idle_check_interval = 30

# Save mails with CR+LF instead of plain LF. This makes sending those mails
# take less CPU, especially with sendfile() syscall with Linux and FreeBSD.
# But it also creates a bit more disk I/O which may just make it slower.
# Also note that if other software reads the mboxes/maildirs, they may handle
# the extra CRs wrong and cause problems.
#mail_save_crlf = no

##
## Maildir-specific settings
##

# By default LIST command returns all entries in maildir beginning with a dot.
# Enabling this option makes Dovecot return only entries which are directories.
# This is done by stat()ing each entry, so it causes more disk I/O.
# (For systems setting struct dirent->d_type, this check is free and it's
# done always regardless of this setting)
#maildir_stat_dirs = no

# When copying a message, do it with hard links whenever possible. This makes
# the performance much better, and it's unlikely to have any side effects.
maildir_copy_with_hardlinks = yes

# When copying a message, try to preserve the base filename. Only if the
# destination mailbox already contains the same name (ie. the mail is being
# copied there twice), a new name is given. The destination filename check is
# done only by looking at dovecot-uidlist file, so if something outside
# Dovecot does similar filename preserving copies, you may run into problems.
# NOTE: This setting requires maildir_copy_with_hardlinks = yes to work.
#maildir_copy_preserve_filename = no

##
## mbox-specific settings
##

# Which locking methods to use for locking mbox. There are four available:
#  dotlock: Create <mailbox>.lock file. This is the oldest and most NFS-safe
#           solution. If you want to use /var/mail/ like directory, the users
#           will need write access to that directory.
#  dotlock_try: Same as dotlock, but if it fails because of permissions or
#               because there isn't enough disk space, just skip it.
#  fcntl  : Use this if possible. Works with NFS too if lockd is used.
#  flock  : May not exist in all systems. Doesn't work with NFS.
#  lockf  : May not exist in all systems. Doesn't work with NFS.
#
# You can use multiple locking methods; if you do the order they're declared
# in is important to avoid deadlocks if other MTAs/MUAs are using multiple
# locking methods as well. Some operating systems don't allow using some of
# them simultaneously.
#mbox_read_locks = fcntl
#mbox_write_locks = dotlock fcntl

# Maximum time in seconds to wait for lock (all of them) before aborting.
#mbox_lock_timeout = 300

# If dotlock exists but the mailbox isn't modified in any way, override the
# lock file after this many seconds.
#mbox_dotlock_change_timeout = 120

# When mbox changes unexpectedly we have to fully read it to find out what
# changed. If the mbox is large this can take a long time. Since the change
# is usually just a newly appended mail, it'd be faster to simply read the
# new mails. If this setting is enabled, Dovecot does this but still safely
# fallbacks to re-reading the whole mbox file whenever something in mbox isn't
# how it's expected to be. The only real downside to this setting is that if
# some other MUA changes message flags, Dovecot doesn't notice it immediately.
# Note that a full sync is done with SELECT, EXAMINE, EXPUNGE and CHECK
# commands.
#mbox_dirty_syncs = yes

# Like mbox_dirty_syncs, but don't do full syncs even with SELECT, EXAMINE,
# EXPUNGE or CHECK commands. If this is set, mbox_dirty_syncs is ignored.
#mbox_very_dirty_syncs = no

# Delay writing mbox headers until doing a full write sync (EXPUNGE and CHECK
# commands and when closing the mailbox). This is especially useful for POP3
# where clients often delete all mails. The downside is that our changes
# aren't immediately visible to other MUAs.
#mbox_lazy_writes = yes

# If mbox size is smaller than this (in kilobytes), don't write index files.
# If an index file already exists it's still read, just not updated.
#mbox_min_index_size = 0

##
## dbox-specific settings
##

# Maximum dbox file size in kilobytes until it's rotated.
#dbox_rotate_size = 2048

# Minimum dbox file size in kilobytes before it's rotated
# (overrides dbox_rotate_days)
#dbox_rotate_min_size = 16

# Maximum dbox file age in days until it's rotated. Day always begins from
# midnight, so 1 = today, 2 = yesterday, etc. 0 = check disabled.
#dbox_rotate_days = 0

##
## IMAP specific settings
##

protocol imap {
  # Login executable location.
  #login_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap-login

  # IMAP executable location. Changing this allows you to execute other
  # binaries before the imap process is executed.
  #
  # This would write rawlogs into ~/dovecot.rawlog/ directory:
  #   mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/rawlog /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap
  #
  # This would attach gdb into the imap process and write backtraces into
  # /tmp/gdbhelper.* files:
  #   mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/gdbhelper /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap
  #
  #mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/imap

  # Maximum IMAP command line length in bytes. Some clients generate very long
  # command lines with huge mailboxes, so you may need to raise this if you get
  # "Too long argument" or "IMAP command line too large" errors often.
  #imap_max_line_length = 65536

  # Maximum number of IMAP connections allowed for a user from each IP address.
  # NOTE: The username is compared case-sensitively.
  #mail_max_userip_connections = 10

  # Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
  # list of plugins to load.
  #mail_plugins =
  #mail_plugin_dir = /usr/local/lib/dovecot/imap

  # Send IMAP capabilities in greeting message. This makes it unnecessary for
  # clients to request it with CAPABILITY command, so it saves one round-trip.
  # Many clients however don't understand it and ask the CAPABILITY anyway.
  login_greeting_capability = yes

  # IMAP logout format string:
  #  %i - total number of bytes read from client
  #  %o - total number of bytes sent to client
  #imap_logout_format = bytes=%i/%o

  # Override the IMAP CAPABILITY response.
  #imap_capability =

  # Workarounds for various client bugs:
  #   delay-newmail:
  #     Send EXISTS/RECENT new mail notifications only when replying to NOOP
  #     and CHECK commands. Some clients ignore them otherwise, for example OSX
  #     Mail (<v2.1). Outlook Express breaks more badly though, without this it
  #     may show user "Message no longer in server" errors. Note that OE6 still
  #     breaks even with this workaround if synchronization is set to
  #     "Headers Only".
  #   netscape-eoh:
  #     Netscape 4.x breaks if message headers don't end with the empty "end of
  #     headers" line. Normally all messages have this, but setting this
  #     workaround makes sure that Netscape never breaks by adding the line if
  #     it doesn't exist. This is done only for FETCH BODY[HEADER.FIELDS..]
  #     commands. Note that RFC says this shouldn't be done.
  #   tb-extra-mailbox-sep:
  #     With mbox storage a mailbox can contain either mails or submailboxes,
  #     but not both. Thunderbird separates these two by forcing server to
  #     accept '/' suffix in mailbox names in subscriptions list.
  # The list is space-separated.
  imap_client_workarounds = delay-newmail netscape-eoh tb-extra-mailbox-sep
}
 
##
## POP3 specific settings
##

protocol pop3 {
  # Login executable location.
  #login_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/pop3-login

  # POP3 executable location. See IMAP's mail_executable above for examples
  # how this could be changed.
  #mail_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/pop3

  # Don't try to set mails non-recent or seen with POP3 sessions. This is
  # mostly intended to reduce disk I/O. With maildir it doesn't move files
  # from new/ to cur/, with mbox it doesn't write Status-header.
  #pop3_no_flag_updates = no

  # Support LAST command which exists in old POP3 specs, but has been removed
  # from new ones. Some clients still wish to use this though. Enabling this
  # makes RSET command clear all \Seen flags from messages.
  #pop3_enable_last = no

  # If mail has X-UIDL header, use it as the mail's UIDL.
  #pop3_reuse_xuidl = no

  # Keep the mailbox locked for the entire POP3 session.
  #pop3_lock_session = no

  # POP3 UIDL (unique mail identifier) format to use. You can use following
  # variables, along with the variable modifiers described in
  # doc/wiki/Variables.txt (e.g. %Uf for the filename in uppercase)
  #
  #  %v - Mailbox's IMAP UIDVALIDITY
  #  %u - Mail's IMAP UID
  #  %m - MD5 sum of the mailbox headers in hex (mbox only)
  #  %f - filename (maildir only)
  #
  # If you want UIDL compatibility with other POP3 servers, use:
  #  UW's ipop3d         : %08Xv%08Xu
  #  Courier             : %f or %v-%u (both might be used simultaneosly)
  #  Cyrus (<= 2.1.3)    : %u
  #  Cyrus (>= 2.1.4)    : %v.%u
  #  Dovecot v0.99.x     : %v.%u
  #  tpop3d              : %Mf
  #
  # Note that Outlook 2003 seems to have problems with %v.%u format which was
  # Dovecot's default, so if you're building a new server it would be a good
  # idea to change this. %08Xu%08Xv should be pretty fail-safe.
  #
  pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv

  # POP3 logout format string:
  #  %i - total number of bytes read from client
  #  %o - total number of bytes sent to client
  #  %t - number of TOP commands
  #  %p - number of bytes sent to client as a result of TOP command
  #  %r - number of RETR commands
  #  %b - number of bytes sent to client as a result of RETR command
  #  %d - number of deleted messages
  #  %m - number of messages (before deletion)
  #  %s - mailbox size in bytes (before deletion)
  #pop3_logout_format = top=%t/%p, retr=%r/%b, del=%d/%m, size=%s

  # Maximum number of POP3 connections allowed for a user from each IP address.
  # NOTE: The username is compared case-sensitively.
  #mail_max_userip_connections = 3

  # Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
  # list of plugins to load.
  #mail_plugins =
  #mail_plugin_dir = /usr/local/lib/dovecot/pop3

  # Workarounds for various client bugs:
  #   outlook-no-nuls:
  #     Outlook and Outlook Express hang if mails contain NUL characters.
  #     This setting replaces them with 0x80 character.
  #   oe-ns-eoh:
  #     Outlook Express and Netscape Mail breaks if end of headers-line is
  #     missing. This option simply sends it if it's missing.
  # The list is space-separated.
  pop3_client_workarounds = outlook-no-nuls oe-ns-eoh
}

##
## LDA specific settings
##

protocol lda {
  # Address to use when sending rejection mails.
  postmaster_address = postmaster@example.com

  # Hostname to use in various parts of sent mails, eg. in Message-Id.
  # Default is the system's real hostname.
  #hostname =

  # Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
  # list of plugins to load.
  #mail_plugins =
  #mail_plugin_dir = /usr/local/lib/dovecot/lda

  # If user is over quota, return with temporary failure instead of
  # bouncing the mail.
  #quota_full_tempfail = no

  # Format to use for logging mail deliveries. You can use variables:
  #  %$ - Delivery status message (e.g. "saved to INBOX")
  #  %m - Message-ID
  #  %s - Subject
  #  %f - From address
  #deliver_log_format = msgid=%m: %$

  # Binary to use for sending mails.
  sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail

  # Subject: header to use for rejection mails. You can use the same variables
  # as for rejection_reason below.
  #rejection_subject = Automatically rejected mail

  # Human readable error message for rejection mails. You can use variables:
  #  %n = CRLF, %r = reason, %s = original subject, %t = recipient
  #rejection_reason = Your message to <%t> was automatically rejected:%n%r

  # UNIX socket path to master authentication server to find users.
  #auth_socket_path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
}

##
## Authentication processes
##

# Executable location
#auth_executable = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/dovecot-auth

# Set max. process size in megabytes.
#auth_process_size = 256

# Authentication cache size in kilobytes. 0 means it's disabled.
# Note that bsdauth, PAM and vpopmail require cache_key to be set for caching
# to be used.
#auth_cache_size = 0
# Time to live in seconds for cached data. After this many seconds the cached
# record is no longer used, *except* if the main database lookup returns
# internal failure. We also try to handle password changes automatically: If
# user's previous authentication was successful, but this one wasn't, the
# cache isn't used. For now this works only with plaintext authentication.
#auth_cache_ttl = 3600
# TTL for negative hits (user not found). 0 disables caching them completely.
#auth_cache_negative_ttl = 3600

# Space separated list of realms for SASL authentication mechanisms that need
# them. You can leave it empty if you don't want to support multiple realms.
# Many clients simply use the first one listed here, so keep the default realm
# first.
#auth_realms =

# Default realm/domain to use if none was specified. This is used for both
# SASL realms and appending @domain to username in plaintext logins.
#auth_default_realm =

# List of allowed characters in username. If the user-given username contains
# a character not listed in here, the login automatically fails. This is just
# an extra check to make sure user can't exploit any potential quote escaping
# vulnerabilities with SQL/LDAP databases. If you want to allow all characters,
# set this value to empty.
#auth_username_chars = abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ01234567890.-_@

# Username character translations before it's looked up from databases. The
# value contains series of from -> to characters. For example "#@/@" means
# that '#' and '/' characters are translated to '@'.
#auth_username_translation =

# Username formatting before it's looked up from databases. You can use
# the standard variables here, eg. %Lu would lowercase the username, %n would
# drop away the domain if it was given, or "%n-AT-%d" would change the '@' into
# "-AT-". This translation is done after auth_username_translation changes.
auth_username_format = %Lu

# If you want to allow master users to log in by specifying the master
# username within the normal username string (ie. not using SASL mechanism's
# support for it), you can specify the separator character here. The format
# is then <username><separator><master username>. UW-IMAP uses "*" as the
# separator, so that could be a good choice.
#auth_master_user_separator =

# Username to use for users logging in with ANONYMOUS SASL mechanism
#auth_anonymous_username = anonymous

# More verbose logging. Useful for figuring out why authentication isn't
# working.
#auth_verbose = no

# Even more verbose logging for debugging purposes. Shows for example SQL
# queries.
#auth_debug = no

# In case of password mismatches, log the passwords and used scheme so the
# problem can be debugged. Enabling this also enables auth_debug.
#auth_debug_passwords = no

# Maximum number of dovecot-auth worker processes. They're used to execute
# blocking passdb and userdb queries (eg. MySQL and PAM). They're
# automatically created and destroyed as needed.
#auth_worker_max_count = 30

# Number of auth requests to handle before destroying the process. This may
# be useful if PAM plugins leak memory.
#auth_worker_max_request_count = 0

# Host name to use in GSSAPI principal names. The default is to use the
# name returned by gethostname().
#auth_gssapi_hostname =

# Kerberos keytab to use for the GSSAPI mechanism. Will use the system
# default (usually /etc/krb5.keytab) if not specified.
#auth_krb5_keytab =

# Do NTLM authentication using Samba's winbind daemon and ntlm_auth helper.
# <doc/wiki/Authentication/Mechanisms/Winbind.txt>
#auth_ntlm_use_winbind = no

# Path for Samba's ntlm_auth helper binary.
#auth_winbind_helper_path = /usr/local/bin/ntlm_auth

# Number of seconds to delay before replying to failed authentications.
#auth_failure_delay = 2

# APOP用に少し改変
auth default {
  # Space separated list of wanted authentication mechanisms:
  #   plain login digest-md5 cram-md5 ntlm rpa apop anonymous gssapi otp skey
  #   gss-spnego
  # NOTE: See also disable_plaintext_auth setting.
  mechanisms = apop plain login

  #
  # Password database is used to verify user's password (and nothing more).
  # You can have multiple passdbs and userdbs. This is useful if you want to
  # allow both system users (/etc/passwd) and virtual users to login without
  # duplicating the system users into virtual database.
  #
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.txt>
  #
  # By adding master=yes setting inside a passdb you make the passdb a list
  # of "master users", who can log in as anyone else. Unless you're using PAM,
  # you probably still want the destination user to be looked up from passdb
  # that it really exists. This can be done by adding pass=yes setting to the
  # master passdb. <doc/wiki/Authentication.MasterUsers.txt>

  # Users can be temporarily disabled by adding a passdb with deny=yes.
  # If the user is found from that database, authentication will fail.
  # The deny passdb should always be specified before others, so it gets
  # checked first. Here's an example:

  #passdb passwd-file {
    # File contains a list of usernames, one per line
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot.deny
    #deny = yes
  #}

    # APOPで使用するパスワードファイル
    passdb passwd-file {
        args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-passwd
    }




  # PAM authentication. Preferred nowadays by most systems.
  # Note that PAM can only be used to verify if user's password is correct,
  # so it can't be used as userdb. If you don't want to use a separate user
  # database (passwd usually), you can use static userdb.
  # REMEMBER: You'll need /etc/pam.d/dovecot file created for PAM
  # authentication to actually work. <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.PAM.txt>
  passdb pam {
    # [session=yes] [setcred=yes] [failure_show_msg=yes]
    # [cache_key=<key>] [<service name>]
    #
    # session=yes makes Dovecot open and immediately close PAM session. Some
    # PAM plugins need this to work, such as pam_mkhomedir.
    #
    # setcred=yes makes Dovecot establish PAM credentials if some PAM plugins
    # need that. They aren't ever deleted though, so this isn't enabled by
    # default.
    #
    # cache_key can be used to enable authentication caching for PAM
    # (auth_cache_size also needs to be set). It isn't enabled by default
    # because PAM modules can do all kinds of checks besides checking password,
    # such as checking IP address. Dovecot can't know about these checks
    # without some help. cache_key is simply a list of variables (see
    # doc/wiki/Variables.txt) which must match for the cached data to be used.
    # Here are some examples:
    #   %u - Username must match. Probably sufficient for most uses.
    #   %u%r - Username and remote IP address must match.
    #   %u%s - Username and service (ie. IMAP, POP3) must match.
    #
    # The service name can contain variables, for example %Ls expands to
    # pop3 or imap.
    #
    # Some examples:
    #   args = session=yes %Ls
    #   args = cache_key=%u dovecot
    #args = dovecot
    args = session=yes dovecot
  }

  # System users (NSS, /etc/passwd, or similiar)
  # In many systems nowadays this uses Name Service Switch, which is
  # configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf. <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.Passwd.txt>
  #passdb passwd {
    # [blocking=yes] - See userdb passwd for explanation
    #args =
  #}

  # Shadow passwords for system users (NSS, /etc/shadow or similiar).
  # Deprecated by PAM nowadays.
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.Shadow.txt>
  #passdb shadow {
    # [blocking=yes] - See userdb passwd for explanation
    #args =
  #}

  # PAM-like authentication for OpenBSD.
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.BSDAuth.txt>
  #passdb bsdauth {
    # [cache_key=<key>] - See cache_key in PAM for explanation.
    #args =
  #}

  # passwd-like file with specified location
  # <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.PasswdFile.txt>
  #passdb passwd-file {
    # [scheme=<default password scheme>] [username_format=<format>]
    # <Path for passwd-file>
    #args =
  #}

  # checkpassword executable authentication
  # NOTE: You will probably want to use "userdb prefetch" with this.
  # <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.CheckPassword.txt>
  #passdb checkpassword {
    # Path for checkpassword binary
    #args =
  #}

  # SQL database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.SQL.txt>
  #passdb sql {
    # Path for SQL configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-sql.conf
  #}

  # LDAP database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.LDAP.txt>
  #passdb ldap {
    # Path for LDAP configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-ldap.conf
  #}

  # vpopmail authentication <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.VPopMail.txt>
  #passdb vpopmail {
    # [cache_key=<key>] - See cache_key in PAM for explanation.
    # [quota_template=<template>] - %q expands to Maildir++ quota
    #   (eg. quota_template=quota_rule=*:backend=%q)
    #args =
  #}

  #
  # User database specifies where mails are located and what user/group IDs
  # own them. For single-UID configuration use "static".
  #
  # <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.txt>
  #

  # "prefetch" user database means that the passdb already provided the
  # needed information and there's no need to do a separate userdb lookup.
  # This can be made to work with SQL and LDAP databases, see their example
  # configuration files for more information how to do it.
  # <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Prefetch.txt>
  #userdb prefetch {
  #}

  # System users (NSS, /etc/passwd, or similiar). In many systems nowadays this
  # uses Name Service Switch, which is configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf.
  # <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.Passwd.txt>
  userdb passwd {
    # [blocking=yes] - By default the lookups are done in the main dovecot-auth
    # process. This setting causes the lookups to be done in auth worker
    # proceses. Useful with remote NSS lookups that may block.
    # NOTE: Be sure to use this setting with nss_ldap or users might get
    # logged in as each others!
    args = blocking=yes
  }

  # passwd-like file with specified location
  # <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.PasswdFile.txt>
  #userdb passwd-file {
    # [username_format=<format>] <Path for passwd-file>
    #args =
  #}

  # static settings generated from template <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Static.txt>
  #userdb static {
    # Template for the fields. Can return anything a userdb could normally
    # return. For example:
    #
    #  args = uid=500 gid=500 home=/var/mail/%u
    #
    # If you use deliver, it needs to look up users only from the userdb. This
    # of course doesn't work with static because there is no list of users.
    # Normally static userdb handles this by doing a passdb lookup. This works
    # with most passdbs, with PAM being the most notable exception. If you do
    # the user verification another way, you can add allow_all_users=yes to
    # the args in which case the passdb lookup is skipped.
    #
    #args =
  #}

  # SQL database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.SQL.txt>
  #userdb sql {
    # Path for SQL configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-sql.conf
  #}

  # LDAP database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.LDAP.txt>
  #userdb ldap {
    # Path for LDAP configuration file.
    # See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf
    #args = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-ldap.conf
  #}

  # vpopmail <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.VPopMail.txt>
  #userdb vpopmail {
  #}

  # User to use for the process. This user needs access to only user and
  # password databases, nothing else. Only shadow and pam authentication
  # requires roots, so use something else if possible. Note that passwd
  # authentication with BSDs internally accesses shadow files, which also
  # requires roots. Note that this user is NOT used to access mails.
  # That user is specified by userdb above.
  user = root

  # Directory where to chroot the process. Most authentication backends don't
  # work if this is set, and there's no point chrooting if auth_user is root.
  # Note that valid_chroot_dirs isn't needed to use this setting.
  #chroot =

  # Number of authentication processes to create
  #count = 1

  # Require a valid SSL client certificate or the authentication fails.
  #ssl_require_client_cert = no

  # Take the username from client's SSL certificate, using
  # X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID() which returns the subject's DN's
  # CommonName.
  #ssl_username_from_cert = no

  # It's possible to export the authentication interface to other programs:
  socket listen {
    master {
      # Master socket provides access to userdb information. It's typically
      # used to give Dovecot's local delivery agent access to userdb so it
      # can find mailbox locations.
      path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
      mode = 0600
      # Default user/group is the one who started dovecot-auth (root)
      #user =
      #group =
    }
    client {
      # The client socket is generally safe to export to everyone. Typical use
      # is to export it to your SMTP server so it can do SMTP AUTH lookups
      # using it.
      path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-client
      mode = 0660
    }
  }
}

# If you wish to use another authentication server than dovecot-auth, you can
# use connect sockets. They are assumed to be already running, Dovecot's master
# process only tries to connect to them. They don't need any other settings
# than the path for the master socket, as the configuration is done elsewhere.
# Note that the client sockets must exist in the login_dir.
#auth external {
#  socket connect {
#    master {
#      path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
#    }
#  }
#}

##
## Dictionary server settings
##

# Dictionary can be used by some plugins to store key=value lists.
# Currently this is only used by dict quota backend. The dictionary can be
# used either directly or though a dictionary server. The following dict block
# maps dictionary names to URIs when the server is used. These can then be
# referenced using URIs in format "proxy::<name>".

dict {
  #quota = mysql:/usr/local/etc/dovecot-dict-quota.conf
}

# Path to Berkeley DB's configuration file.
# See /usr/local/share/examples/dovecot/dovecot-db.conf
#dict_db_config = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-db.conf

##
## Plugin settings
##

plugin {
  # Here you can give some extra environment variables to mail processes.
  # This is mostly meant for passing parameters to plugins. %variable
  # expansion is done for all values.

  # Quota plugin. Multiple backends are supported:
  #   dirsize: Find and sum all the files found from mail directory.
  #            Extremely SLOW with Maildir. It'll eat your CPU and disk I/O.
  #   dict: Keep quota stored in dictionary (eg. SQL)
  #   maildir: Maildir++ quota
  #   fs: Read-only support for filesystem quota
  #
  # Quota limits are set using "quota_rule" parameters, either in here or in
  # userdb. It's also possible to give mailbox-specific limits, for example:
  #   quota_rule = *:storage=1048576
  #   quota_rule2 = Trash:storage=102400
  # User has now 1GB quota, but when saving to Trash mailbox the user gets
  # additional 100MB.
  #
  # Multiple quota roots are also possible, for example:
  #   quota = dict:user::proxy::quota
  #   quota2 = dict:domain:%d:proxy::quota_domain
  #   quota_rule = *:storage=102400
  #   quota2_rule = *:storage=1048576
  # Gives each user their own 100MB quota and one shared 1GB quota within
  # the domain.
  #
  # You can execute a given command when user exceeds a specified quota limit.
  # Each quota root has separate limits. Only the command for the first
  # exceeded limit is excecuted, so put the highest limit first.
  # Note that % needs to be escaped as %%, otherwise "% " expands to empty.
  #   quota_warning = storage=95%% /usr/local/bin/quota-warning.sh 95
  #   quota_warning2 = storage=80%% /usr/local/bin/quota-warning.sh 80
  #quota = maildir

  # ACL plugin. vfile backend reads ACLs from "dovecot-acl" file from maildir
  # directory. You can also optionally give a global ACL directory path where
  # ACLs are applied to all users' mailboxes. The global ACL directory contains
  # one file for each mailbox, eg. INBOX or sub.mailbox. cache_secs parameter
  # specifies how many seconds to wait between stat()ing dovecot-acl file
  # to see if it changed.
  #acl = vfile:/usr/local/etc/dovecot-acls:cache_secs=300

  # Convert plugin. If set, specifies the source storage path which is
  # converted to destination storage (mail_location) when the user logs in.
  # The existing mail directory is renamed to <dir>-converted.
  #convert_mail = mbox:%h/mail
  # Skip mailboxes which we can't open successfully instead of aborting.
  #convert_skip_broken_mailboxes = no
  # Skip directories beginning with '.'
  #convert_skip_dotdirs = no
  # If source storage has mailbox names with destination storage's hierarchy
  # separators, replace them with this character.
  #convert_alt_hierarchy_char = _

  # Trash plugin. When saving a message would make user go over quota, this
  # plugin automatically deletes the oldest mails from configured mailboxes
  # until the message can be saved within quota limits. The configuration file
  # is a text file where each line is in format: <priority> <mailbox name>
  # Mails are first deleted in lowest -> highest priority number order
  #trash = /usr/local/etc/dovecot-trash.conf

  # Expire plugin. Mails are expunged from mailboxes after being there the
  # configurable time. The first expiration date for each mailbox is stored in
  # a dictionary so it can be quickly determined which mailboxes contain
  # expired mails. The actual expunging is done in a nightly cronjob, which
  # you must set up:
  #   dovecot --exec-mail ext /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/expire-tool
  #expire = Trash 7 Spam 30
  #expire_dict = db:/var/db/dovecot/expire.db

  # Lazy expunge plugin. Currently works only with maildirs. When a user
  # expunges mails, the mails are moved to a mailbox in another namespace
  # (1st). When a mailbox is deleted, the mailbox is moved to another namespace
  # (2nd) as well. Also if the deleted mailbox had any expunged messages,
  # they're moved to a 3rd namespace. The mails won't be counted in quota,
  # and they're not deleted automatically (use a cronjob or something).
  #lazy_expunge = .EXPUNGED/ .DELETED/ .DELETED/.EXPUNGED/

  # Events to log. Default is all.
  #mail_log_events = delete undelete expunge copy mailbox_delete mailbox_rename
  # Group events within a transaction to one line.
  #mail_log_group_events =
  # Available fields: uid, box, msgid, size, vsize
  # size and vsize are available only for expunge and copy events.
  #mail_log_fields = uid box msgid size
}
[ EOF ]
---

   #  /usr/local/sbin/dovecotpw
   # echo "hoehoe:{PLAIN}dovecotpwで変換したパスワード" > /usr/local/etc/dovecot-passwd

   # /usr/local/etc/rc.d/postfix start
   # /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dovecot start

   # exit


普通に/etc/rc.d/init.d/ にstartup用のscriptを置いて、/etc/rc.d/init.d/hoge start とやったら

log_daemon_msg command not found. とか log_end_msg command not found. とか言うんです。

んで、startup-script内で

if test -r /lib/lsb/init-functions; then
. /lib/lsb/init-functions
else

とかやってるみたいなんですよ。

そんでもって、この中にlog_daemon_msg とlog_end_msg が定義されていないとか、もうね。orz orz orz

なので、/lib/lsb/init-functionsの中に

----------------------
log_daemon_msg(){
if [ -z "$1" ]; then
return 1
fi

if [ -z "$2" ]; then
echo -n "$1:"
return
fi

echo -n "$1: $2"
}

log_end_msg(){
[ -z "$1" ] && return 1

if [ $1 -eq 0 ]; then
echo " ."
else
echo " failed!"
fi

return $1
}
[EOF]
----------------------

を書いておくと幸せになれるかも。orz

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